1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum pole-evansii C.E.Hubb.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to Zambia.

    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Straggling annual; culms 50–110 cm. long, decumbent, rooting at the lower nodes.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades narrowly-lanceolate, 4–10 cm. long, 4–12 mm. wide, widened or straight at the base, herbaceous, pilose, scabrid on the margins, acute.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle ovate-oblong, 7–9 cm. long, moderately branched, the branches in clusters on opposite sides of the axis, clavellate-hairy; pedicels flexuous and spreading.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets oblong, 2–2.3 mm. long; lower glume narrowly ovate, 1/3–1/2 the length of the spikelet, 1-nerved; upper glume almost as long as the spikelet, 9-nerved, acute; lower lemma 9-nerved, male, its palea well developed; upper lemma pale, often purple tinged, granular, not glossy.
    Habitat
    Swamps and streamsides; 1220–1600 m.
    Distribution
    T4
    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual. Culms rambling; 50-110 cm long; rooting from lower nodes. Leaf-sheaths as wide as blade at the collar, or narrower than blade at the collar. Ligule a ciliate membrane. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 4-10 cm long; 4-12 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface pilose. Leaf-blade margins scabrous. Leaf-blade apex acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; oblong, or ovate; 7-9 cm long. Panicle branches pilose; with clavellate hairs. Spikelets spreading; solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels flexuous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; dorsally compressed; 2-2.3 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; dorsally compressed; 2-2.3 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.33-0.5 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 9 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 9 -veined; acute. Fertile lemma oblong; dorsally compressed; 2-2.3 mm long; indurate; pallid; without keel. Lemma surface granulose. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea involute; indurate.
    Distribution
    Africa: west-central tropical, east tropical, and southern tropical.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FTEA.
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

    Habit
    Annual with decumbent culms 50–110 cm. long.
    Leaf lamina
    Leaf laminae 4–10 cm. long and 4–12 mm. wide linear-lanceolate.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle 7–9 cm. long, ovate-oblong, moderately branched, clavellate-hairy.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 2–2.3 mm. long, oblong, purple tinged, glabrous; inferior glume narrowly ovate, 1/3–1/2 the length of the spikelet, 1-nerved; superior glume almost as long as the spikelet, 9-nerved; inferior lemma 9-nerved, male, its palea well developed; superior lemma and palea dull.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

    Panicum pole-evansii C.E.Hubb. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 26, 1967 Phipps, J.B. [3005], Zambia K000480763
    Michelmore, A.P.G. [312], Zambia K000480761
    Michelmore, A.P.G. [312], Zambia K000480762
    Pole-Evans, I.B. [3039 (46)], Zambia K000282442 holotype
    Wingfield, R. [478], Tanzania K000480752
    Malaisse, F. [4219], Congo, DRC K000480739
    McCallum-Webster, M. [141], Tanzania K000480753
    McCallum-Webster, M. [141], Tanzania K000480754
    Renvoize, S.A. [5630], Zambia K000480755
    Renvoize, S.A. [5686], Zambia K000480756
    Renvoize, S.A. [5560], Zambia K000480757
    Renvoize, S.A. [5593], Zambia K000480758
    Renvoize, S.A. [5592], Zambia K000480759
    Renvoize, S.A. [5513], Zambia K000480760

    First published in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1934: 113 (1934)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • C.E. Hubbard in Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information, Kew 1934: 113 (1934).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0