1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum praealtum Afzel. ex Sw.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to South Sudan.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms erect; robust; 60-120 cm long; 2-4 mm diam. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Leaf-blades 10-30 cm long; 5-10 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; oblong, or ovate; 10-15 cm long; 3-15 cm wide. Primary panicle branches ascending, or spreading. Panicle branches capillary. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform; 1-6 mm long.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets orbicular; dorsally compressed; obtuse; 1.7-2.5 mm long; falling entire; readily shedding fertile florets.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets orbicular; dorsally compressed; obtuse; 1.7-2.5 mm long; falling entire; readily shedding fertile florets.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma; shiny. Lower glume elliptic; 0.66-0.8 length of spikelet; membranous; yellow; without keels; 3 -veined. Lower glume surface glabrous. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume elliptic; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; yellow; without keels; wingless; 5 -veined. Upper glume surface glabrous. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; elliptic; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; obtuse. Fertile lemma oblong; dorsally compressed; 1.5 mm long; chartaceous; pallid; without keel. Lemma surface tuberculate (verruculose). Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea involute; chartaceous. Palea surface tuberculate (verruculose).
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 1.5 mm long.
    Distribution
    Africa: west tropical, west-central tropical, and northeast tropical.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FTA.
    [FWTA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

    Habit
    Robust perennial 60–120 cm. high
    Ecology
    Sandy soils in savanna.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan

    Panicum praealtum Afzel. ex Sw. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Schweinfurth, G. [2288], Africa K000256623 Unknown type material
    Schweinfurth, G. [2288], Africa K000256622 Unknown type material

    First published in Adnot. Bot.: 5 (1829)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Lebrun, J.P. (1973). Énumération des plantes vasculaires du Sénégal: 1-209. Maisons Alfort: Institut d'élevage et de médecine vétérinaire des pays tropicaux.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Berhaut, Fl. Sén. ed. 2, 414
    • Schnell in Ic. Pl. Afr. IFAN. 5: 117 (1960).
    • A Chev. in Rev. Bot. Appliq. 14: 20
    • F.T.A. 9: 667
    • Adnot. Bot. 5 (1829)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.

    Sources

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0