1. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov
    1. Gmelina L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Asia to W. Pacific.

    [LKGF]

    Harley, R.M. et al. (2004). Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

    Habit
    Trees, or shrubs, sometimes climbing or scrambling
    Stem
    Stems sometimes armed with spines
    Leaves
    Leaves simple
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence terminal, cymose, compound, branched, or seldom reduced to single flower, blue or purple-violet, white, yellow, brownish, mauve or purple pink
    Calyx
    Calyx tubular or campanulate, truncate or 4-5-lobed, often with large glands on surface
    Corolla
    Corolla infundibular, (4-)5 lobed, ± 2-lipped, tube widely funnel-shaped, greatly enlarged at throat
    Stamens
    Stamens 4, inserted at bottom of tube, didynamous, only slightly exserted, thecae parallel or divergent
    Ovary
    Ovary bicarpellate, syncarpous, 4-loculate, with one ovule in each locule
    Style
    Style terminal with two unequal stigmatic lobes, posterior branch much shorter
    Fruits
    Fruit a fleshy, succulent drupe with hard pyrene, 4-seeded (rarely 2-seeded).
    Note
    2n = 36, 38, 40.  About 33 species
    Distribution
    Asia, Australia, New Guinea and New Caledonia. Introduced to Tropical Africa, Eastern Asia, Central and South America

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Cambodia, Caroline Is., China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Fiji, Hainan, India, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nicobar Is., Northern Territory, Pakistan, Philippines, Queensland, Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Thailand, Vietnam

    Introduced into:

    Belize, Benin, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Florida, Gambia, Guatemala, Mexico Southeast, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Peru, Sudan, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela

    Gmelina L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 7518], Myanmar K001127435

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 626 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • de Kok, R. (2012). A revision of the genus Gmelina (Lamiaceae) Kew Bulletin 67: 293-329.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets
    • Harley RM, Atkins S, Budantsev AL, Cantino PD, Conn BJ, Grayer R, Harley MM, de Kok RPJ, Krestovskaja T, Morales R, Paton AJ, Ryding O, and Upson T. 2004. Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Sp
    • Munir, J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 7(1): 91-116 (1984), reg. rev.
    • Gmelinia Spreng., Gen. Pl. 2: 481 (1831), orth. var.
    • Cumbulu Adans., Fam. Pl. 2: 199 (1763).
    • Gmelina L. Sp. Pl. 2: 626 (1753)

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China
    The Malesian Key Group (2010) Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China (Version 2.0, 28 Jul 2010) The Nationaal Herbarium Nederland Leiden and The Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets
    Nina Davies, Gemma Bramley and Don Kirkup, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0