1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum rude Nees

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. & S. Brazil.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms erect; 200-300 cm long. Culm-internodes distally glabrous. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface; outer margin hairy. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base cordate. Leaf-blades lanceolate, or oblong; 15-50 cm long; 25-50 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; 15-45 cm long; contracted about primary branches. Primary panicle branches spreading; 2.5-15 cm long. Panicle branches secund; bearded in axils. Spikelets solitary, or in pairs. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels ciliate.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; acute; 2-3 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; acute; 2-3 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.5-1 length of spikelet; membranous; 1-keeled; 3-5 -veined. Lower glume surface asperulous. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 1-keeled; 5 -veined. Upper glume surface asperulous. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; oblong, or ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; acute. Fertile lemma lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 2-3 mm long; indurate; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex acute. Palea involute; indurate.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    South America: Brazil.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Fl Cat 1995.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil South, Brazil Southeast

    Panicum rude Nees appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1988 Swallen, J.R. [8291], Brazil K000309223 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1988 Swallen, J.R. [8291], Brazil K000309224 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1981 Sendulsky, T. [417], Brazil K001055540
    Jan 1, 1981 Sendulsky, T. [1039], Brazil K001055541
    Nov 1, 1973 Smith, L.B. [15470], Brazil K001055550
    Jan 1, 1913 Dusén, P. [10617], Brazil K001055536
    Lindeman, J.C. [3060], Brazil K001055537
    Lindeman, J.C. [3060], Brazil K001055538
    Barbosa, E. [777], Brazil K001055549
    Riedel [s.n.], Brazil K000309225
    Burchell, W.J. [1110], Brazil K001055546
    Burchell, W.J. [1381], Brazil K001055547
    Rambo, B. [36751], Brazil K001055545
    Reitz, R. [9190], Brazil K001055534
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [6972], Brazil K001055542
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [15626], Brazil K001055543
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [16680], Brazil K001055544
    Hatschbach, G.G. [14934], Brazil K001055535
    Hatschbach, G.G. [22959], Brazil K001055539
    Hatschbach, G.G. [45682], Brazil K001055548

    First published in C.F.P.von Martius, Fl. Bras. Enum. Pl. 2: 158 (1829)

    Accepted by

    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0