1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum rupestre Trin.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Brazil (Bahia, Minas Gerais).

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes elongated. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 30-35 cm long; wiry. Lateral branches ample. Leaves cauline. Ligule a ciliate membrane. Leaf-blades linear, or lanceolate; flat, or involute; 3-10 cm long; 1-5 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or pilose; sparsely hairy. Leaf-blade apex acute, or acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; oblong, or ovate; 5-10 cm long. Primary panicle branches moderately divided, or profusely divided. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate, or orbicular; dorsally compressed; 1.5-2 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate, or orbicular; dorsally compressed; 1.5-2 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.66 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 3 -veined. Lower glume surface puberulous. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume surface puberulous. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; puberulous; acute. Fertile lemma elliptic; dorsally compressed; 1.5-2 mm long; indurate; pallid; shiny; without keel. Lemma surface smooth. Lemma margins involute. Palea involute; indurate.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    South America: Brazil.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Gr Bahia 1995.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast

    Panicum rupestre Trin. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Brazil K000309254
    Brazil K000309255
    Giulietti, A.M. [CFCS7332], Brazil K001101999
    Sellow [s.n.], Bahia K000003566 isotype
    Sellow [s.n.], Bahia K000003567 isotype
    Cordeiro, I. [926], Brazil K001102000
    Eiten, G. [6719], Brazil K001101998

    First published in Gram. Panic.: 109 (1826)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0