1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum schinzii Hack.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

    Habit
    Glabrous annual with erect or ascending culms 30–120 cm. high.
    Leaf lamina
    Leaf laminae 10–40 cm. long and 5–15 mm. wide, linear, typically bluish green.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle 10–35 cm. long, oblong or ovate oblong, moderately branched, the branches fine and flexuous, axillary panicles often present.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 2.3–2.8 mm. long, elliptic oblong, obtuse orbluntly acute, glabrous, typically bluish-green; inferior glume 1/6–1/5 the length of the spikelet, cuff-like, 1-nerved, lateral nerves usually obscure, obtuse or bluntly acute; superior glume as long as the spikelet, ovate, 7–9-nerved; inferior lemma similar to the superior glume, enclosing a male flower; superior lemma and palea pale brown, shiny.
    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 30-120 cm long. Ligule a ciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 10-40 cm long; 5-15 mm wide; glaucous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; terminal and axillary. Panicle open; oblong, or ovate; 10-35 cm long. Panicle branches capillary; flexuous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; dorsally compressed; obtuse, or subacute; 2.3-2.8 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; dorsally compressed; obtuse, or subacute; 2.3-2.8 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume oblate; 0.15-0.2 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex obtuse, or acute. Upper glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; glaucous; without keels; 7-9 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 7-9 -veined; acute. Fertile lemma oblong; dorsally compressed; 2-2.5 mm long; indurate; dark brown; shiny; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea involute; indurate.
    Distribution
    Africa: southern tropical and south. Asia-tropical: Malesia. Australasia: Australia and New Zealand.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FZ.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Cape Provinces, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Austria, Belgium, India, Jawa, New Zealand North, New Zealand South

    Panicum schinzii Hack. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Rehmann, A. [6614], South Africa K000255496 Unknown type material
    Burtt-Davy, J. [17459], South Africa K000255497
    Schinz, H. [641], Namibia K000255500 Unknown type material
    Rautanen [5], Namibia K000255499 Unknown type material
    Rehmann [6552], South Africa K000255498 Unknown type material

    First published in Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 30: 142 (1888)

    Accepted by

    • Engelmaier, P. & Wilhalm, T. (2018). Alien grasses (Poaceae) in the flora of the Eastern Alps Neilreichia 9: 177-245.
    • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lambion, J., Delvosalle, L. & Duvigneaud, J. (2004). Nouvelle flore de la Belgique du G. D. de Luxembourg, du Nord de la France et des régions voisines, ed. 5: 1-1167. Edition du Patrimoine du Jardin botanique national de Belgique.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Engelmaier, P. & Wilhalm, T. (2018). Alien grasses (Poaceae) in the flora of the Eastern Alps Neilreichia 9: 177-245.
    • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Lambion, J., Delvosalle, L. & Duvigneaud, J. (2004). Nouvelle flore de la Belgique du G. D. de Luxembourg, du Nord de la France et des régions voisines, ed. 5: 1-1167. Edition du Patrimoine du Jardin botanique national de Belgique.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0