1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum spergulifolium A.Camus

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Central Madagascar.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Stolons present. Culms erect; 20-25 cm long. Lateral branches ample. Leaves cauline; distichous. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Leaf-blades erect; flat, or involute; 1-3 cm long; 1.5 mm wide; yellowish green. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or pilose; sparsely hairy. Leaf-blade margins ciliate. Leaf-blade apex obtuse.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; 3-6 cm long; 2-5 cm wide. Panicle branches capillary. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels 9-12 mm long.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; obtuse; 3.5-3.8 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; obtuse; 3.5-3.8 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 1.8-2 mm long; 0.5 length of spikelet; membranous; purple; without keels; 3 -veined. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume ovate; 2.4-2.7 mm long; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; purple; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume surface puberulous; hairy at apex. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; purple; 7 -veined; puberulous; hairy at apex; obtuse. Fertile lemma oblong, or ovate; dorsally compressed; 3.5 mm long; indurate; yellow; shiny; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex acute. Palea involute; indurate.
    Flowers
    Anthers 2.5 mm long.
    Distribution
    Africa: western Indian ocean.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Camus 1994.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Madagascar

    Panicum spergulifolium A.Camus appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bull. Soc. Bot. France 72: 619 (1925)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0