1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum stapfianum Fourc.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Angola to S. Africa, Pakistan.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms erect; 20-90 cm long. Culm-nodes glabrous. Leaves mostly basal. Leaf-sheaths ribbed. Ligule a ciliate membrane. Leaf-blades flat, or involute; 20-40 cm long; 2-5 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface papillose; rough adaxially.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; 4-30(-40) cm long. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; obtuse to acuminate; 3 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; obtuse to acuminate; 3 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.5-0.66 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume elliptic; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 7-9 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; elliptic; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 7-9 -veined; acute. Palea of lower sterile floret 1 length of lemma. Fertile lemma elliptic; dorsally compressed; 2.5 mm long; indurate; yellow, or grey; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex acute. Palea involute; indurate.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Africa: southern tropical and south.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Gr S Afr 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Cape Provinces, Free State, Lesotho, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Pakistan

    Panicum stapfianum Fourc. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Burchell [119], South Africa K000255509
    Burchell [1779], South Africa K000255505
    Burchell [2005], South Africa K000255506
    Burchell [1843], South Africa K000255507
    Burchell [1979], South Africa K000255508
    South Africa K000255512
    Burke [424], South Africa K000255515
    Drège [s.n.], South Africa K000255518
    Drège, South Africa K000255517
    Drège, South Africa K000255516
    Drège, South Africa K000255513 holotype
    Ecklon [478], South Africa K000255514 holotype
    MacOwan, P. [514], South Africa K000255511
    Bowker [182], South Africa K000255510

    First published in Trans. Roy. Soc. South Africa 21: 76 (1932)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0