1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum stoloniferum Poir.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Mexico to Tropical America.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms prostrate; 10-50 cm long. Culm-internodes distally with pubescent line (2 lines). Culm-nodes glabrous, or pubescent. Lateral branches ample. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface; outer margin hairy. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.2 mm long; erose. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 1-5 cm long; 3-15 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface pilose; sparsely hairy; hairy adaxially. Leaf-blade margins undulate. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes borne along a central axis; unilateral; 0.5-1 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 0.5-4 cm long; pubescent. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; 2.3-2.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; 2.3-2.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.33 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 3 -veined. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume ovate; 0.75 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume primary vein scabrous. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; elliptic; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; scabrous; rough on midvein; acute. Palea of lower sterile floret 0.5 length of lemma. Fertile lemma elliptic; dorsally compressed; 1.3 mm long; indurate; shiny; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex acute. Palea involute; indurate.
    Distribution
    North America: Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana, Caribbean, northern South America, western South America, Brazil, and southern South America.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Chase 1994.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 1500 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Guayana y Serranía de La Macarena, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Valle del Cauca.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Leeward Is., Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Windward Is.

    Panicum stoloniferum Poir. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1973 Prance, G.T. [10223], Brazil K001055565
    Jan 1, 1973 Prance, G.T. [2879], Brazil K001055569
    Mar 20, 1971 Prance, G.T. [11145], Brazil K001055575
    Jan 1, 1970 Lindeman, J.C. [13239], Brazil K001055570
    Jan 1, 1970 Hatschbach, G.G. [13239], Brazil K001055571
    Jan 1, 1962 Irwin, H.S. [48146], French Guiana K001055551
    Jan 1, 1962 Irwin, H.S. [48146], French Guiana K001055564
    Jan 1, 1962 Irwin, H.S. [48150], French Guiana K001055566
    Trail, J.W.H. [1244], Brazil K001055554
    Trail, J.W.H. [1244], Brazil K001055561
    Trail, J.W.H. [1243], Brazil K001055562
    Stannard, B.L. [638], Brazil K001055576
    Milliken, W. [158], Brazil K001055577
    Lindeman, J.C. [4368], Brazil K001055572
    Spruce, R. [4192], Peru K000201670
    Spruce, R. [4192], Peru K000201671
    Ule, E. [5304], Brazil K001055559
    Salzmann [s.n.], Bahia K000003694 isotype
    Silva, A. [24], Brazil K001055560
    Salzmann, P. [s.n.], Bahia K000003693 isotype
    Swallen, J.R. [3198], Brazil K001055568
    Wilkes [s.n.], Rio de Janeiro K001081849
    Riedel [s.n.], Brazil K001055553
    Archer, W.A. [8103], Brazil K001055567
    Burchell, W.J. [3510], Brazil K001055552
    Muller, F. [63], Brazil K000309222
    Martius, C.F.P. von [701], Brazil K001055563
    Prance, G.T. [10282], Brazil K001055555
    Prance, G.T. [9651], Brazil K001055556
    Prance, G.T. [59692], Brazil K001055557
    Prance, G.T. [3524], Brazil K001055558
    Gaudichaud-Beaupré, C. [s.n.], Brazil K000309221
    Beck, H.T. [425], Brazil K001055578
    Hatschbach, G.G. [13239], Brazil K001055573
    Araujo, D.S.D. [5851], Brazil K001055574
    Kozera, C. [1686], Brazil K001055579

    First published in J.B.A.M.de Lamarck, Encycl., Suppl. 4: 274 (1816)

    Accepted by

    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0