1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum subflabellatum Stapf

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to KwaZulu-Natal.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Cataphylls evident. Rhizomes short. Stolons absent, or present. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 20-50 cm long; wiry. Culm-internodes similar in length. Ligule a ciliate membrane. Leaf-blades appressed, or ascending; linear, or lanceolate; flat, or involute; 3-7 cm long; 2-3 mm wide; stiff; glaucous. Leaf-blade surface glabrous. Leaf-blade apex pungent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; oblong; 2.5-6 cm long. Primary panicle branches ascending. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets orbicular; dorsally compressed; obtuse; 1.3-1.7 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets orbicular; dorsally compressed; obtuse; 1.3-1.7 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; gibbous; 0.5 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 3-5 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5-7 -veined; obtuse. Fertile lemma oblong; dorsally compressed; 1.5 mm long; indurate; pallid; dull; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea involute; indurate.
    Distribution
    Africa: east tropical, southern tropical, and south.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FTEA.
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

    Habit
    Tufted perennial; culms 20–50 cm. high, erect or decumbent, often wiry.
    Leaf lamina
    Leaf laminae 3–7 cm. long and 2–3 mm. wide, linear, flat and acuminate, or involute and somewhat pungent.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle 2.5–6 cm. long, oblong, moderately to sparsely branched, the branches short, ascending or appressed.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 1.5–1.8 mm. long, broadly ovate or elliptic-oblong, glabrous, obtuse; inferior glume 1/3 the length of the spikelet, broadly ovate, 3–5-nerved, slightly saccate; superior glume ovate, 5-nerved; inferior lemma similar to the superior glume but 5–7-nerved, male, its palea well developed; superior lemma and palea pallid, shining.
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Tufted perennial with a shortly rhizomatous base, sometimes stoloniferous; culms 20–50 cm. high, erect or decumbent, somewhat wiry with scale-like, striate, bladeless leaf-sheaths towards the base.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades ascending or appressed to the culms, linear-lancolate, 3–7 cm. long, 2–3 mm. wide, straight at the base, involute or flat, stiff, grey-green, glabrous, tapering to a pungent tip.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle oblong, 2.5–6 cm. long, modestly branched, the branches ascending.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets orbicular, 1.3–1.7 mm. long, glabrous, obtuse; lower glume broadly ovate, 1/3 the length of the spikelet, 3–5-nerved, slightly saccate; upper glume ovate, 5-nerved; lower lemma ovate, 5–7-nerved, male, its palea well developed; upper lemma pale, not shining.
    Habitat
    Coastal sand dunes: sea-level
    Distribution
    T6

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Tanzania

    Panicum subflabellatum Stapf appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Kirk, Mozambique K000282462 holotype

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 9: 711 (1920)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Stapf in Flora of Tropical Africa 9: 711 (1920).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0