1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum subulatum Spreng.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is N. & E. Brazil.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes short; knotty. Culms erect; slender; 15-30 cm long; wiry. Lateral branches ample; arising from upper culm; erect. Ligule a ciliate membrane. Leaf-blades flat, or involute; 2-5 cm long; 1-2 mm wide. Leaf-blade apex acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; 1.5-8 cm long. Primary panicle branches sparsely divided. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong, or ovate; dorsally compressed; 1.4-1.7 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong, or ovate; dorsally compressed; 1.4-1.7 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.33 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 3 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; acute. Fertile lemma elliptic; dorsally compressed; 1.4-1.7 mm long; indurate; without keel. Lemma surface smooth. Lemma margins involute. Palea involute; indurate.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    South America: Brazil.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Gr Bahia 1995.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast

    Panicum subulatum Spreng. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Pirani, J.R. [7998], Brazil K001101860
    Sellow [s.n.], Bahia K000003589 isotype
    Sellow [s.n.], Bahia K000003590 isotype
    Sellow [s.n.], Bahia K000003591 isotype
    Sellow [s.n.], Bahia K000003594 Unknown type material
    Sellow [s.n.], Bahia K000003595 Unknown type material
    Riedel [s.n.], Brazil K000309252
    Longhi-Wagner, H.M. [CFCR6069], Brazil K001101857
    Lanna, J.P. [1182], Brazil K001101858
    Lanna, J.P. [1576], Brazil K001101859
    Riedel? [1112], Brazil K000309251
    Glaziou, A. [6772], Brazil K001101861
    Glaziou, A. [20112], Brazil K001101862

    First published in Syst. Veg. 1: 319 (1824)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0