1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum voeltzkowii Mez

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Aldabra, Madagascar, Réunion.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Stolons absent. Culms erect; 10-35 cm long. Lateral branches lacking, or sparse. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 3-9 cm long; 2-5 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or pubescent; hairy adaxially.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; effuse; 2.5-6 cm long. Primary panicle branches ascending; 1-2 -nate. Panicle branches capillary; glabrous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets orbicular; dorsally compressed; obtuse; 1.3-1.7 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets orbicular; dorsally compressed; obtuse; 1.3-1.7 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.5 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 1-3 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; acute. Fertile lemma elliptic; dorsally compressed; 1.2-1.3 mm long; indurate; shiny; without keel. Lemma margins convolute. Lemma apex acute. Palea involute; indurate.
    Distribution
    Africa: western Indian ocean.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Gr Madag 1997.
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms geniculately ascending; 25-35 cm long. Lateral branches ample. Leaf-sheaths mostly shorter than adjacent culm internode; striately veined. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 7-9 cm long; 4-6 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous. Leaf-blade apex acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; 10-16 cm long; 3-6 cm wide. Primary panicle branches distant. Panicle branches sinuous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels flexuous; 2-12 mm long.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; obtuse; 1.5-1.7 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; obtuse; 1.5-1.7 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.6-0.7 mm long; 0.5-0.6 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels. Upper glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 1-keeled. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous. Fertile lemma ovate; dorsally compressed; 1.2-1.4 mm long; indurate; pallid; shiny; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Palea involute; indurate.
    Distribution
    Africa: western Indian ocean.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Camus 2007.
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 30-35 cm long. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blade base simple, or broadly rounded, or cordate. Leaf-blades 10-15 cm long; 5-6.5 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface pubescent, or pilose; hairy on both sides; with tubercle-based hairs. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; oblong; 4.5-6 cm long. Primary panicle branches appressed; 4-5 cm long. Panicle branches flexuous; glabrous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform; 1-2 mm long; tip widened.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; dorsally compressed; 2.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; dorsally compressed; 2.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma; recurved at apex and gaping. Lower glume ovate; clasping; 0.33 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume lanceolate, or ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; lanceolate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 7 -veined; acute; mucronate. Fertile lemma elliptic; dorsally compressed; 1.6-1.7 mm long; indurate; pallid; shiny; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea involute; indurate.
    Distribution
    Africa: western Indian ocean.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Camus 2007.
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes short; woody. Stolons present. Culms erect; 10-40 cm long. Culm-internodes distally glabrous. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades flat, or involute; 3-6 cm long; 1.5-7 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or pilose.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; effuse; 2.5-6 cm long. Primary panicle branches ascending; 1-2 -nate. Panicle branches capillary; glabrous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets orbicular; dorsally compressed; obtuse; 1.3-1.7 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets orbicular; dorsally compressed; obtuse; 1.3-1.7 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.5 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 1-3 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; acute. Fertile lemma elliptic; dorsally compressed; 1.2-1.3 mm long; indurate; shiny; without keel. Lemma margins convolute. Lemma apex acute. Palea involute; indurate.
    Distribution
    Africa: western Indian ocean.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Gr Madag 1997.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Aldabra, Madagascar, Réunion

    Panicum voeltzkowii Mez appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 57: 187 (1921)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Robertson, S.A. (1989). Flowering Plants of Seychelles: 1-327. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fosberg, F.R. & Renvoize, S.A. (1980). The Flora of Aldabra and neighbouring islands: 1-358. Crown, London.
    • Bosser, J. (1969). Gramiées des pasturages et des cultures a Madagascar: 1-440. ORSTOM, Paris.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Robertson, S.A. (1989). Flowering Plants of Seychelles: 1-327. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Bosser, J. (1969). Gramiées des pasturages et des cultures a Madagascar: 1-440. ORSTOM, Paris.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0