1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum volutans J.G.Anderson

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Africa.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose; clumped loosely. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 50-75 cm long; without nodal roots, or rooting from lower nodes. Ligule a ciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 10-25 cm long; 5-10 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface hispid; with tubercle-based hairs.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; embraced at base by subtending leaf. Panicle open; obovate; effuse; 20-30 cm long; with spikelets clustered towards branch tips. Primary panicle branches ascending. Panicle branches stiff. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; acuminate; (5.5-)6-6.5(-7) mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; acuminate; (5.5-)6-6.5(-7) mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.75 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 7-9 -veined. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 0.75 length of spikelet; membranous; 7 -veined; acute. Fertile lemma elliptic; dorsally compressed; 2.5-3 mm long; indurate; grey; shiny; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex acute. Palea involute; indurate.
    Distribution
    Africa: south.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Gr S Afr 1993.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    KwaZulu-Natal, Northern Provinces

    Panicum volutans J.G.Anderson appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bothalia 7: 42 (1960)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0