1. Family: Violaceae Batsch
    1. Rinorea Aubl.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Asia-Tropical, Africa, Caroline Island, Southern America, Northern America, Queensland and Asia-Temperate..

    [FTEA]

    Violaceae, C. Grey-wilson. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1986

    Habit
    Shrubs or small trees, rarely above 20 m. tall
    Leaves
    Leaves spirally arranged, rarely opposite or verticillate, usually petiolate, entire or toothed; stipules small but enclosing the terminal bud, caducous
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a simple raceme or a compound raceme or thyrse, rarely reduced to a solitary flower; pedicels articulate
    Flowers
    Flowers actinomorphic, very rarely slightly zygomorphic
    Calyx
    Sepals ± equal, margin often ciliate
    Corolla
    Petals ± equal, spreading or reflexed
    Stamens
    Stamens free or the filaments wholly or partially united into a tube, with or without a free margin; anthers free with a thin decurrent or non-decurrent prolongation of the connective (connective-appendage), and generally also with 2 free or ± united ventral or thecal appendages
    Fruits
    Fruit a loculicidal capsule with 3 contractile valves, each containing 1–several seeds, rarely semisucculent and indehiscent.
    [FZ]

    Violaceae, N. K. B. Robson. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Habit
    Shrubs or small trees.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate or, more rarely, opposite or whorled, petiolate, rarely sessile, entire or ± dentate; stipules small, enclosing the terminal bud, deciduous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence simple or compound, cymose or ± racemose, rarely reduced to a single flower, terminal or axillary; pedicels articulated.
    Flowers
    Flowers actinomorphic or slightly zygomorphic.
    Calyx
    Sepals ± equal, margin ciliolate.
    Corolla
    Petals ± equal, often ± reflexed, white or greenish-white to yellow or red.
    Stamens
    Stamens with filaments simple or bearing an erect dorsal appendage, free or more frequently ± united, when the fused dorsal appendages form a "free margin" to the stamen-tube; anthers free, with a thin dorsal prolongation of the connective ("connective-appendage") and frequently also two free or ± united ventral ("thecal") appendages.
    Pistil
    Ovary with 3 placentas, each bearing 1–3 or more ovules; style usually erect; stigma terminal.
    Fruits
    Fruit a loculicidal capsule with 3 contractile valves, rarely semi-succulent and indehiscent.
    Seeds
    Seeds few or one per capsule, usually glabrous and smooth, with abundant fleshy endosperm.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Panamá, Peru, Philippines, Queensland, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Solomon Is., Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Rinorea Aubl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Dec 1, 2009 Moutsambote, J. -M. [6452a], Congo 78094.000
    Oct 1, 2006 Prance, G.T. [23378], Brazil K001215891
    Cowan, R.S. [38254], Brazil K001215759
    Thomas, D.W. [2744], Cameroon K000094646
    Thomas, D.W. [3230], Cameroon K000094647
    Letouzey, R. [15122], Cameroon K000094649
    Zarucchi, J.L. [2067], Colombia 44724.000
    Balée, W.L. [1581], Brazil K001215892
    Prance, G.T. [16436], Brazil K001215896
    Prance, G.T. [23275], Brazil K001215897
    Prance, G.T. [7686], Brazil K001215898
    Prance, G.T. [5378], Brazil K001215903
    Patel, H. [7199], Mozambique K000545160
    Forero, E. [7098], Brazil K001215893
    Sonk, L. [383], Brazil K001215900
    Baron, R. [6698], Madagascar Alsodeia K000253962

    First published in Hist. Pl. Guiane: 235 (1775)

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Pl. Gui. 1: 235 (1775).
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Hist. Pl. Guian. Fr. 1: 235, t. 93 (1775).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Hist. Pl. Guian. Fr. 1: 235, t. 93 (1775)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China
    The Malesian Key Group (2010) Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China (Version 2.0, 28 Jul 2010) The Nationaal Herbarium Nederland Leiden and The Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0