1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Phyllostachys Siebold & Zucc.
      1. Phyllostachys aurea (André) Rivière & C.Rivière

        This species is accepted, and its native range is China (Fujian, Zhejiang) to Vietnam.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 800 - 1500 m.
    Habit
    Arbolito
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes elongated; leptomorph. Culms erect; 200-800 cm long; 20-30 mm diam.; woody. Culm-internodes similar in length, or abbreviated and closely packed at the base; semiterete; thin-walled; 8-10 cm long; yellow; smooth; distally glabrous. Culm-nodes swollen. Lateral branches dendroid. Culm-sheaths deciduous; 12-18 cm long; yellow, or green; pubescent; hairy at the base; with white hairs; without auricles. Culm-sheath ligule 1-2 mm high; ciliate. Culm-sheath blade lanceolate; reflexed; 3-6 cm long. Leaves cauline. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface, or puberulous; outer margin hairy. Leaf-sheath auricles absent. Ligule a ciliate membrane; 1 mm long. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 5-8 cm long; 5-11 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation with distinct cross veins. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or pubescent.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; fasciculate; with spathaceous subtending bracts; with ultimate bract subtending a compact bracteolate fascicle of spikelets; prophyllate below lateral spikelets. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 18-25 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 18-25 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes one the lower absent or obscure; persistent; shorter than spikelet. Upper glume oblong; chartaceous; without keels. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 15 mm long; chartaceous; without keel. Lemma apex acute. Palea chartaceous. Palea apex pubescent.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3. Anthers 3; yellow. Filaments 30-50 mm long. Stigmas 3. Ovary umbonate.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: Caucasus, China, and eastern Asia. Asia-tropical: Malesia. Australasia: Australia and New Zealand. Pacific: north-central. North America: Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana and western South America.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Tewari 1996.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    China Southeast, Vietnam

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Arkansas, Bolivia, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, California, Cameroon, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Florida, Georgia, Guatemala, Honduras, Italy, Jawa, Kermadec Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Louisiana, Maryland, Mexico Central, Mexico Northeast, Mississippi, Nansei-shoto, New South Wales, New Zealand North, Nicaragua, North Carolina, Oregon, Peru, Queensland, Sicilia, South Australia, South Carolina, Spain, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Tennessee, Texas, Transcaucasus, Virginia

    Phyllostachys aurea (André) Rivière & C.Rivière appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    McClure, F.A. [21279], Brazil K001077613
    McClure, F.A. [21279], Brazil K001077614
    McClure, F.A. [21279], Brazil K001077615
    Soderstrom, T.R. [1179], Brazil K001077616
    Soderstrom, T.R. [1179], Brazil K001077617
    Soderstrom, T.R. [1996], Brazil K001077619
    Filgueiras, T.S. [3430], Brazil K001077609
    Filgueiras, T.S. [1276], Brazil K001077610
    Pereira, B.A.S. [2289], Brazil K001077618
    Skvortzov, B. [s.n.], Brazil K001077611
    Lins, E.A.M. [s.n.], Brazil K001077612
    Staples [883], Hawaiian Is. K000743009
    Treseders Nurseries [s.n.], United Kingdom K000743014
    Gilmar, E. [234], Brazil K001077620
    Gilmar, E. [234], Brazil K001077621

    First published in Bull. Soc. Acclim. France, sér. 3, 5: 716 (1878)

    Accepted by

    • Engelmaier, P. & Wilhalm, T. (2018). Alien grasses (Poaceae) in the flora of the Eastern Alps Neilreichia 9: 177-245.
    • Valdés-Reyna, J. Villaseñor, J.L., Encina-Domínguez, J.A. & Oritz, E. (2015). The grass family (Poaceae) in Coahuila, Mexico: diversity and distribution Botanical Sciences 93: 119-129.
    • Del Guacchio, E. (2015). Integrazioni, aggiornamenti e note alla flora esotica della Campania Informatore Botanico Italiano 47: 147-154.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
    • Taj, R.K. & al. (2009 publ. 2010). Four new records of bamboos to India from Arunachal Pradesh Bulletin of Arunachal Forest Research 25: 14-17.
    • Wilson, A. (ed.) (2009). Flora of Australia 44A: 1-410. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.
    • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Valdés-Reyna, J. Villaseñor, J.L., Encina-Domínguez, J.A. & Oritz, E. (2015). The grass family (Poaceae) in Coahuila, Mexico: diversity and distribution Botanical Sciences 93: 119-129.
    • Del Guacchio, E. (2015). Integrazioni, aggiornamenti e note alla flora esotica della Campania Informatore Botanico Italiano 47: 147-154.
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
    • Taj, R.K. & al. (2009 publ. 2010). Four new records of bamboos to India from Arunachal Pradesh Bulletin of Arunachal Forest Research 25: 14-17.
    • Wilson, A. (ed.) (2009). Flora of Australia 44A: 1-410. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666.
    • H?, P.-H. (2000). Câyc? Vi?tnam. An Illustrated flora of Vietnam, ed. 2, 3: 1-1020. Pham-hoang Ho, Montréal.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.
    • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0