1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Phyllostachys Siebold & Zucc.
      1. Phyllostachys edulis (Carrière) J.Houz.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Central & S. China, Taiwan.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes elongated; leptomorph. Culms erect; 1000-3500 cm long; woody. Culm-internodes semiterete; thin-walled; 35-50 cm long; yellow, or light green; distally pubescent. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement two. Culm-sheaths deciduous; coriaceous; hispid; with red hairs; setose on shoulders. Culm-sheath blade linear; reflexed; pubescent. Leaves cauline. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface, or puberulous. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate; deciduous. Ligule a ciliolate membrane; pubescent on abaxial surface. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 8-10 cm long; 8-10 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation with 8 secondary veins; with distinct cross veins. Leaf-blade margins scabrous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; fasciculate; with spathaceous subtending bracts; without axillary buds at base of spikelet; with ultimate bract subtending a compact bracteolate fascicle of spikelets; prophyllate below lateral spikelets. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 25-27 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 25-27 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes one the lower absent or obscure; persistent; shorter than spikelet. Upper glume oblong; chartaceous; without keels. Upper glume primary vein ciliolate. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 20-25 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; 10-11 -veined. Lemma surface puberulous. Lemma apex acuminate. Palea chartaceous. Palea surface scabrous. Palea apex dentate; 2 -fid.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; veined; ciliate. Anthers 3. Stigmas 3. Ovary umbonate.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: Caucasus, China, and eastern Asia. Asia-tropical: Indo-China.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Lecomte 1996.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Taiwan

    Introduced into:

    Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Georgia, Japan, Korea, Nansei-shoto, Philippines, South Carolina, Vietnam

    Phyllostachys edulis (Carrière) J.Houz. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000912141
    s.coll. [s.n.], France K000912175
    Houzeau de Lehaie, J. [s.n.], Belgium K000912176
    Houzeau de Lehaie, J. [s.n.], Belgium K000912177
    Houzeau de Lehaie, J. [s.n.], Belgium K000912178

    First published in Bambou (Mons) 1: 39 (1906)

    Accepted by

    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Lee, W.T. (1996). Lineamenta Florae Koreae: 1-1688. Soul T'ukpyolsi: Ak'ademi Sojok.
    • Ohwi, J. (1984). Flora of Japan (in English): 1-1067. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
    • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0