1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Phyllostachys Siebold & Zucc.
      1. Phyllostachys flexuosa Rivière & C.Rivière

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Central China.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes elongated; leptomorph. Culms erect; 400 cm long; woody. Culm-internodes semiterete; thin-walled. Lateral branches dendroid. Leaves cauline. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 5-20 cm long; 6-18 mm wide. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; fasciculate; dense; with spathaceous subtending bracts; bracts 12-15 mm long; without axillary buds at base of spikelet; with ultimate bract subtending a compact bracteolate fascicle of spikelets; prophyllate below lateral spikelets. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2-4 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 20 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2-4 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 20 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes one the lower absent or obscure; persistent; shorter than spikelet. Upper glume linear; 10 mm long; chartaceous; 1-keeled. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma elliptic; 15 mm long; chartaceous; without keel. Lemma apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn 2 mm long overall. Palea 1 length of lemma; chartaceous.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3. Anthers 3. Stigmas 3.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: Caucasus and China.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. McClure 2002.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    China North-Central, China Southeast

    Introduced into:

    China South-Central, Cuba, New Caledonia

    Phyllostachys flexuosa Rivière & C.Rivière appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Hubbard, C.E. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000743012

    First published in Bull. Soc. Acclim. France, sér. 3, 5: 758 (1878)

    Accepted by

    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0