1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Phyllostachys Siebold & Zucc.
      1. Phyllostachys heteroclada Oliv.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Central & S. China.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes elongated; leptomorph. Culms erect; woody. Culm-internodes semiterete; thin-walled. Culm-nodes glabrous, or pubescent. Lateral branches dendroid. Leaves cauline. Ligule an eciliate membrane.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; fasciculate; dense; with spathaceous subtending bracts; bracts 2-2.6 mm long; without axillary buds at base of spikelet; with ultimate bract subtending a compact bracteolate fascicle of spikelets; prophyllate below lateral spikelets. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 3-6 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 12-18 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 1-1.5 mm long; glabrous, or sparsely hairy; hairy at tip.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 3-6 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 12-18 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 1-1.5 mm long; glabrous, or sparsely hairy; hairy at tip.
    Glume
    Glumes two; persistent; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 4-6 mm long; membranous; 1-keeled; 1-3 -veined. Lower glume primary vein ciliate. Lower glume lateral veins absent, or distinct. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume lanceolate; 7-8 mm long; membranous; 1-keeled; 5-7 -veined. Upper glume surface puberulous; hairy above. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 10-17 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; 7-11 -veined. Lemma surface pubescent; hairy above. Lemma apex acuminate. Palea 9-13 mm long; chartaceous. Palea keels approximate; ciliolate. Palea surface pubescent; hairy all along, or above. Palea apex dentate; 2 -fid. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; obovate; 2-2.5 mm long; veined; ciliate; obtuse. Anthers 3; 4-6 mm long. Stigmas 3. Styles 2 mm long. Ovary umbonate.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: China.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Keng 1996.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast

    Phyllostachys heteroclada Oliv. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Apr 18, 1986 Henry, A. [8833], China K000912199 holotype
    Apr 17, 1986 Pratt, A.E. [384], China K000912198 Unknown type material
    Wilson, E.H. [230], China K000912202
    Henry, A. [1698], China K000912200
    Henry, A. [6238], China K000912201
    Henry, A. [4828], China K000912203

    First published in Hooker's Icon. Pl. 23: t. 2288 (1894)

    Accepted by

    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0