1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Phyllostachys Siebold & Zucc.
      1. Phyllostachys makinoi Hayata

        This species is accepted, and its native range is China (Fujian), Taiwan.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes elongated; leptomorph. Culms erect; 1500-1800 cm long; 70-90 mm diam.; woody. Culm-internodes semiterete; thick-walled; 12-40 cm long; glaucous; smooth; distally pruinose. Culm-nodes with distinct supra-nodal ridge. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement two. Culm-sheaths chartaceous; brown and purple; distinctly mottled with last colour; glabrous. Culm-sheath ligule 3 mm high; ciliate. Culm-sheath blade linear; reflexed. Leaves cauline; 2-3 per branch. Leaf-sheaths 3-6 cm long; glabrous on surface. Leaf-sheath oral hairs setose; erect. Ligule a ciliolate membrane; 2-3 mm long. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole 0.4-0.6 cm long. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 9-11 cm long; 13-18 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation with distinct cross veins. Leaf-blade surface glabrous; hairless except near base. Leaf-blade margins scabrous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; fasciculate; with spathaceous subtending bracts; bracts 15-18 mm long; without axillary buds at base of spikelet; with ultimate bract subtending a compact bracteolate fascicle of spikelets, or with principal spatheoles embracing a compact fascicle of racemes, each subtended by a subsidiary bract; prophyllate below lateral spikelets. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1-2 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 30 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes glabrous.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1-2 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 30 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes glabrous.
    Glume
    Glumes both absent or obscure, or one the lower absent or obscure; persistent; shorter than spikelet. Upper glume lanceolate; 10-20 mm long; chartaceous. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; 18-20 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; 15-17 -veined. Lemma lateral veins with cross-veins. Lemma apex acuminate. Palea lanceolate; 1 length of lemma; chartaceous; 12 -veined; 2-keeled. Palea keels ciliolate; adorned above.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; lanceolate; 2 mm long; ciliate; acute. Anthers 3; 10 mm long. Stigmas 3.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; apiculate.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: China and eastern Asia.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. 2nd Jap. Bam. 2001.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    China Southeast, Taiwan

    Introduced into:

    Nansei-shoto

    Phyllostachys makinoi Hayata appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Icon. Pl. Formosan. 4: 250 (1915)

    Accepted by

    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0