1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Phyllostachys Siebold & Zucc.
      1. Phyllostachys mannii Gamble

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Himalaya to Myanmar.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes elongated; leptomorph. Culms erect; 1000-1200 cm long; 100-200 mm diam.; woody. Culm-internodes semiterete; thin-walled; light green. Culm-nodes glabrous. Lateral branches dendroid. Culm-sheaths 15-25 cm long; hispid; with appressed hairs, or erect hairs; with black hairs; without auricles. Culm-sheath blade linear; reflexed. Leaves cauline. Leaf-sheaths keeled; outer margin hairy. Leaf-sheath oral hairs scanty. Leaf-sheath auricles falcate. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 8-12 cm long; 12-16 mm wide; glaucous. Leaf-blade surface hispid; hairy abaxially. Leaf-blade margins scabrous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; fasciculate; with spathaceous subtending bracts; bracts 3.5 mm long; with ultimate bract subtending a compact bracteolate fascicle of spikelets; prophyllate below lateral spikelets. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 3-5 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 20-25 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 3-5 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 20-25 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes two; persistent; shorter than spikelet. Upper glume oblong; chartaceous; 2-keeled. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 10-15 mm long; chartaceous; without keel. Lemma lateral veins prominent. Lemma apex acute. Palea 1 length of lemma; chartaceous. Palea keels ciliate. Palea apex with excurrent keel veins.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; veined; ciliate. Anthers 3; anther tip with extended connective. Stigmas 3. Ovary umbonate.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: China. Asia-tropical: India and Indo-China.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Tewari 1996.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Assam, East Himalaya, Myanmar, West Himalaya

    Introduced into:

    China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Tibet

    Phyllostachys mannii Gamble appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1896 Griffith [6728], India K000246073 syntype
    Jan 1, 1896 Mann, G. [21854], India K000246071 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1896 Mann, G. [21854], India K000246070 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1896 Mann, G. [s.n.], India K000246074 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1896 Mann, G. [s.n.], India K000710265 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1896 Gammie, G.A. [277], India K000246072 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1896 Gammie, G.A. [277], India K000710264 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1896 W.A.Kunedy [11], India K000246075 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1896 Bawa, Burma K000246076 Unknown type material
    McClure, F.A. [21055], USA K000912260
    McClure, F.A. [21055], USA K000912261
    McClure, F.A. [21183], USA K000912262 Unknown type material
    McClure, F.A. [21543], USA K000912263 Unknown type material
    McClure, F.A. [21543], USA K000912264 Unknown type material
    Mann, G. [21854], India K000710267
    Soderstrom, T.R. [2516], USA K000912258 Unknown type material
    Soderstrom, T.R. [2516], USA K000912259 Unknown type material

    First published in Ann. Roy. Bot. Gard. (Calcutta) 7: 28 (1896)

    Accepted by

    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0