1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Phyllostachys Siebold & Zucc.
      1. Phyllostachys meyeri McClure

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. China.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 1000 - 1800 m.; Andes.
    Habit
    Arbolito
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes elongated; leptomorph. Culms erect; 1000 cm long; 45 mm diam.; woody. Culm-internodes semiterete; thick-walled; 35 cm long; distally mealy. Lateral branches dendroid. Culm-sheaths green and purple; obscurely mottled with last colour; glabrous; convex at apex; without auricles; glabrous on shoulders. Culm-sheath ligule ciliolate. Culm-sheath blade linear; erect; scabrid. Leaves cauline; 3 per branch. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface, or pubescent. Leaf-sheath oral hairs lacking, or ciliate. Leaf-sheath auricles absent, or falcate. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole pubescent. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 16 cm long; 30 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface pilose; hairy abaxially. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; fasciculate; dense; with spathaceous subtending bracts; bracts 20-25 mm long; without axillary buds at base of spikelet; with ultimate bract subtending a compact bracteolate fascicle of spikelets; prophyllate below lateral spikelets. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 3 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 25 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 3 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 25 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes two; persistent; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 4 mm long. Upper glume oblong; 10 mm long; chartaceous; 1-keeled. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma elliptic; 17 mm long; chartaceous; without keel. Lemma apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn 1-2 mm long overall. Palea 1 length of lemma; chartaceous.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3. Anthers 3. Stigmas 3.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: China.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. McClure 2002.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    China South-Central, China Southeast

    Introduced into:

    Colombia, Cuba, Florida, North Carolina, Puerto Rico, South Carolina

    Phyllostachys meyeri McClure appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    McClure, F.A. [20984], USA K000912256
    McClure, F.A. [20984], USA K000912257

    First published in J. Washington Acad. Sci. 35: 286 (1945)

    Accepted by

    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0