1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Phyllostachys Siebold & Zucc.
      1. Phyllostachys nidularia Munro

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Central & S. China.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes elongated; leptomorph. Culms erect; 100-500 cm long; 3-13 mm diam.; woody. Culm-internodes semiterete; thin-walled. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement two; with 1 branch dominant. Culm-sheaths 12-17 cm long; 3 times as long as wide; glabrous; convex at apex; auriculate; with acute auricles; with 7-13 mm wide auricles; setose on shoulders. Culm-sheath blade triangular; 3-6 cm long. Leaves cauline. Leaf-sheath oral hairs setose; deciduous. Leaf-sheath auricles absent. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 6-11 cm long; 7-10 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation with distinct cross veins. Leaf-blade surface glabrous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; fasciculate; dense; with spathaceous subtending bracts; bracts 6-10 mm long; without axillary buds at base of spikelet; with ultimate bract subtending a compact bracteolate fascicle of spikelets; prophyllate below lateral spikelets. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 8-10 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 8-10 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes two; persistent; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 3-4 mm long. Upper glume lanceolate; 4-5 mm long; chartaceous. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma elliptic; 7-9 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; 9 -veined. Lemma surface pilose; hairy above. Lemma margins ciliate. Lemma apex acuminate. Palea chartaceous. Palea surface pilose; hairy on back and on flanks.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; 1.5 mm long. Anthers 3; 6 mm long. Stigmas 3.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: China.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. WDC 2002.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast

    Phyllostachys nidularia Munro appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    s.coll. [347] K000912586
    Fenzi, E.O. [4] K000912197
    Fenzi, E.O. [4] K000912236

    First published in Gard. Chron., n.s., 6: 773 (1876)

    Accepted by

    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0