1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Phyllostachys Siebold & Zucc.
      1. Phyllostachys reticulata (Rupr.) K.Koch

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Central & S. China.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes elongated; leptomorph. Culms erect; 300-400 cm long; 12-18 mm diam.; woody. Culm-internodes semiterete; thin-walled; yellow; smooth. Culm-nodes with distinct supra-nodal ridge; glabrous. Lateral branches dendroid. Culm-sheaths deciduous; 15-25 cm long; 5-6 times as long as wide; chartaceous; truncate at apex; setose on shoulders. Culm-sheath ligule dentate. Culm-sheath blade linear; reflexed. Leaves cauline. Leaf-sheaths loose; keeled; striately veined; glabrous on surface; outer margin hairy. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate. Leaf-sheath auricles falcate. Ligule an eciliate membrane; obtuse. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole 0.2-0.5 cm long; petiole pubescent. Leaf-blades lanceolate, or oblong; 7.5-10 cm long; 12-18 mm wide; mid-green and glaucous; discolorous with last colour beneath. Leaf-blade midrib conspicuous. Leaf-blade venation with 10-12 secondary veins; with distinct cross veins. Leaf-blade surface pubescent; hairy abaxially. Leaf-blade margins scabrous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; fasciculate; dense; with spathaceous subtending bracts; without axillary buds at base of spikelet; with ultimate bract subtending a compact bracteolate fascicle of spikelets; prophyllate below lateral spikelets. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1-4 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 25-30 mm long; 3-5 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1-4 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 25-30 mm long; 3-5 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes one the lower absent or obscure; persistent; shorter than spikelet. Upper glume oblong; 7-8 mm long; chartaceous; 1-keeled. Upper glume primary vein ciliolate. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 20 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; 11-13 -veined. Lemma apex acuminate. Palea 1 length of lemma; chartaceous. Palea keels ciliolate. Palea surface scaberulous. Palea apex with excurrent keel veins.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; veined; ciliate. Anthers 3; 10 mm long; anther tip with extended connective. Stigmas 3. Styles 25-30 mm long. Ovary umbonate.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: Caucasus, western Asia, China, and eastern Asia. Asia-tropical: India and Indo-China. Australasia: Australia and New Zealand.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Gamble 1995.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, California, Ecuador, Japan, Korea, Laos, Louisiana, Maryland, Nansei-shoto, New Zealand North, North Carolina, Puerto Rico, Queensland, South Carolina, Taiwan, Tennessee, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Vietnam, West Himalaya

    Phyllostachys reticulata (Rupr.) K.Koch appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    McClure, F.A. [21079], USA Phyllostachys bambusoides K000912278 Unknown type material
    McClure, F.A. [21546], USA Phyllostachys bambusoides K000912279 Unknown type material
    McClure, F.A. [21546], USA Phyllostachys bambusoides K000912280 Unknown type material
    Siebold, P.F. [s.n.], Japan Phyllostachys bambusoides K000912207
    Siebold, P.F. [s.n.], Japan Phyllostachys bambusoides K000912208
    Burger, H. [s.n.], Japan Phyllostachys bambusoides K000912205
    Burger, H. [s.n.], Japan Phyllostachys bambusoides K000912206
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom Phyllostachys bambusoides K000912142
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom Phyllostachys bambusoides K000912143
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom Phyllostachys bambusoides K000912144
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom Phyllostachys bambusoides K000912145
    s.coll. [s.n.] Phyllostachys bambusoides K000912146
    s.coll. [s.n.], Japan Phyllostachys bambusoides K000912204 Unknown type material
    Textor [s.n.], Japan Phyllostachys bambusoides K000912209
    Mitford [s.n.] Phyllostachys bambusoides K000912210
    Treseders Nurseries [s.n.], United Kingdom Phyllostachys bambusoides K000743013

    First published in Dendrologie 2: 356 (1873)

    Accepted by

    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

    Not accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Phyllostachys bambusoides.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
    • Wilson, A. (ed.) (2009). Flora of Australia 44A: 1-410. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Lee, W.T. (1996). Lineamenta Florae Koreae: 1-1688. Soul T'ukpyolsi: Ak'ademi Sojok.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Ohwi, J. (1984). Flora of Japan (in English): 1-1067. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
    • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.
    • Camus, E.G. & Camus, A. in H. Lecomte (1922). Flore Générale de l'indo-Chine 1(3): 193-336.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0