1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Phyllostachys Siebold & Zucc.
      1. Phyllostachys sulphurea (Carrière) Rivière & C.Rivière

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. China.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes elongated; leptomorph. Culms erect; 700-800 cm long; 30-40 mm diam.; woody. Culm-internodes semiterete; thin-walled; yellow, or mid-green; smooth; distally glabrous. Culm-nodes without obvious supra-nodal ridge; glabrous. Lateral branches dendroid. Culm-sheaths yellow and brown; distinctly mottled with last colour; glabrous; without auricles; glabrous on shoulders. Leaves cauline. Leaf-sheath auricles absent. Ligule a ciliate membrane. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 5-20 cm long; 10-22 mm wide; mid-green, or mid-green and yellowish green; variegated (striped). Leaf-blade venation with distinct cross veins. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or pubescent.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; clustered at the nodes; with spathaceous subtending bracts; bracts 25-30 mm long; with ultimate bract subtending a compact bracteolate fascicle of spikelets; prophyllate below lateral spikelets; 25 cm long overall. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 18-25 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 18-25 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes one the lower absent or obscure; persistent; shorter than spikelet. Upper glume oblong; chartaceous; without keels. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 15 mm long; chartaceous; without keel. Lemma apex acute. Palea chartaceous.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3. Anthers 3. Stigmas 3.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: Caucasus and China.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Chao & Renv. 2002.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    China North-Central, China Southeast

    Introduced into:

    Georgia, Transcaucasus

    Phyllostachys sulphurea (Carrière) Rivière & C.Rivière appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bull. Soc. Acclim. France, sér. 3, 5: 773 (1878)

    Accepted by

    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0