1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Phyllostachys Siebold & Zucc.
      1. Phyllostachys veitchiana Rendle

        This species is accepted, and its native range is China (Hubei, Sichuan).

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes elongated; leptomorph. Culms erect; 300-500 cm long; 10-25 mm diam.; woody. Culm-internodes semiterete; thin-walled; 20-22 cm long; dark green; distally pruinose and pubescent. Culm-nodes swollen; with distinct supra-nodal ridge. Lateral branches dendroid. Culm-sheaths chartaceous; green and yellow, or purple; striped; glabrous, or pubescent; with tawny hairs; hairy on margins; auriculate; setose on shoulders; shoulders with curved hairs. Culm-sheath ligule 2-3 mm high; purple; ciliate. Culm-sheath blade triangular; erect, or reflexed; wrinkled. Leaves cauline; 1-2 per branch. Leaf-sheath oral hairs scanty; erect. Leaf-sheath auricles absent. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 8-14 cm long; 12-18 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; fasciculate; with spathaceous subtending bracts; without axillary buds at base of spikelet; with ultimate bract subtending a compact bracteolate fascicle of spikelets (1-2 spikelets); prophyllate below lateral spikelets. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 4-5 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 4-5 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes one the lower absent or obscure, or two; persistent; shorter than spikelet. Upper glume oblong; chartaceous; without keels. Upper glume surface puberulous. Upper glume apex setaceously attenuate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to fertile lemma. Fertile lemma lanceolate; 12-14 mm long; chartaceous; keeled. Lemma surface pubescent. Lemma apex setaceously attenuate. Palea chartaceous. Palea surface pubescent. Palea apex dentate; 2 -fid.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; oblanceolate; ciliate. Anthers 3; 6 mm long.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: China.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Fl China 2006.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    China South-Central

    Introduced into:

    China Southeast

    Phyllostachys veitchiana Rendle appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 36: 443 (1904)

    Accepted by

    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0