1. Family: Zingiberaceae Martinov
    1. Aframomum K.Schum.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa, W. Indian Ocean.

    [FTEA]

    Zingiberaceae, J.M.Lock. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1985

    Habit
    Perennial herbs, with erect leafy stems from extensive rhizome-systems
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, with long sheathing bases forming a pseudostem; sheaths sulcate or reticulate; ligule present; base of lamina contracted into a pseudopetiole; laminas of lowest leaves reduced, upper laminas ovate to obovate, usually glabrous above, variously pubescent beneath or glabrous; lateral nerves easily visible beneath but sometimes obscured by hypodermal sclerenchyma above
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences terminating separate leafless shoots arising either at the base of the leafy shoots, or from the rhizomes, or from both of these positions; peduncle with distichous bracts; flowers clustered at the apex of the peduncle (but axis elongated in A. laxiflorum), each subtended by 2 subopposite bracts
    Flowers
    Flowers large, strongly zygomorphic
    Calyx
    Calyx spathaceous, splitting unilaterally at anthesis
    Corolla
    Lateral petals narrow, often recurved; posterior petal larger, usually oblong and concave, forming a hood-like structure The basal half of the petals and the androecium are fused into a tube
    Stamens
    Androecium consisting of 1 broad petaloid staminode (the labellum) and a single free stamen, with subulate outgrowths of doubtful homology usually present on each side of the stamen-base; free filament ligulate, the apex 3-lobed except in A. laxiflorum and A. zambesiacum; anther-thecae 2, subterminal
    Perianth
    Labellum either broad, very delicate, and suberect, or narrower, thicker and decurved
    Pistil
    Ovary inferior, 3-locular; style filiform, passing between the anther-thecae and ending in a trumpet-shaped stigma with a ciliate margin
    Nectaries
    Subulate or contorted nectaries (“stylodia”) are found at the base of the style
    Fruits
    Fruit a large indehiscent berry with a tough fleshy wall, usually red when ripe, with an apical beak formed from the persistent calyx, the style-base, or a sterile prolongation of the ovary
    Seeds
    Seeds hard, black or brown, surrounded by white translucent arils, cohering into 3 masses around the delicate axile placenta.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Trinidad-Tobago

    Aframomum K.Schum. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Identified Reference Herbarium Specimen Type Status
    Oct 1, 2008 Cheek, M. [11554], Cameroon K000580143
    Oct 1, 2008 Cheek, M. [11554], Cameroon K000683606
    Oct 1, 2008 Etuge, M. [5300], Cameroon K000580169
    Oct 1, 2008 Etuge, M. [5300], Cameroon K000683173
    Oct 1, 2008 Etuge, M. [5300], Cameroon K000683174
    Oct 1, 2008 Nana felicite [72], Cameroon K000580144
    Cruse, A.W. [90], Zambia 17349.000
    Scholes, J. [75], Ghana 33776.000
    Jones, E.W. [192], Nigeria 34481.000
    Coode, M. [9381], Mauritius 33451.000
    Milne-Redhead [2875], Zambia 39285.000
    Cheek, M. [8332], Cameroon 61932.000
    Cheek, M. [5544], Cameroon 63767.000
    Cheek, M. [5545], Cameroon 63824.000
    Harris, D.J. [2698], Cameroon 29047.922
    Harris, D.J. [2795], Cameroon 60569.000
    Harris, D.J. [2415], Central African Republic 60570.000
    Harris, D.J. [2414], Central African Republic 60570.001
    Harris, D.J. [3169], Congo 60570.004
    Harris, D.J. [3281], Congo 63043.000
    Harris, D.J. [2285], Central African Republic 63059.000
    Harris, D.J. [2351], Central African Republic 63117.000
    Harris, D.J. [2794], Cameroon 63124.000
    Harris, D.J. [2698], Cameroon 63125.000
    Bridson, D. [360], Rwanda 43852.000
    Congdon [53], Tanzania 49693.000
    Tutin, C. [3], Gabon 51534.000
    Cable, S. [2921], Cameroon 61689.000
    Cable, S. [3774], Cameroon 61695.000
    Cable, S. [3224], Cameroon 61743.000
    Cable, S. [3715], Cameroon 63846.000
    Cable, S. [1983], Cameroon 76190.000
    Etuge, M. [4057], Cameroon 63803.000
    Etuge, M. [1511], Cameroon 63827.000
    Liberia 18998.000

    First published in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), Pflanzenr., IV, 46: 201 (1904)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • in Engl., Pflanzenr. 4. 46, Zingib.: 201 (1904).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Lock & J.B. Hall in Boissiera 24: 225-231 (1975)
    • B.L. Burtt & R.M. Smith in Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 31: 177-228 (1972)
    • in E.P. IV. 46: 201 (1904)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    [A] http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    [B]

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    [C] © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    [D] © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0