1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Pogonatherum P.Beauv.
      1. Pogonatherum crinitum (Thunb.) Kunth

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Madagascar, Tropical & Subtropical Asia to Marianas.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; mat forming. Culms prostrate; 10-30 cm long; wiry. Lateral branches fastigiate. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Leaf-blades 1-4 cm long; 1-3 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes; terminal and axillary. Axillary inflorescences present throughout the plant; similar to terminal. Peduncle flexuous. Racemes 1; single; straight, or arcuate; 1-3 cm long. Rhachis fragile at the nodes; subterete; villous on margins. Rhachis internodes linear. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile and pedicelled; 2 in the cluster. Pedicels linear; villous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 1.3-2 mm long; falling entire; deciduous from the base and with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus bearded; base obtuse; attached transversely. Spikelet callus hairs white; 1-1.5 length of spikelet.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 1.3-2 mm long; falling entire; deciduous from the base and with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus bearded; base obtuse; attached transversely. Spikelet callus hairs white; 1-1.5 length of spikelet.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume elliptic; 0.9 length of upper glume; 0.9 length of spikelet; cartilaginous; without keels. Lower glume surface pubescent. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume elliptic. Upper glume apex emarginate; awned; 1 -awned. Upper glume awn 8-22 mm long.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret oblong; 0.66 length of spikelet; hyaline; 0 -veined; without midvein; without lateral veins. Fertile lemma oblong; 1-2 mm long; hyaline; without keel; 1 -veined. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; flexuous; 8-22 mm long overall. Palea absent or minute.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 1.
    Distribution
    Africa: western Indian ocean. Asia-temperate: China and eastern Asia. Asia-tropical: India, Indo-China, and Papuasia. Australasia: Australia. Pacific: northwestern.
    Reference
    Andropogoneae. WDC.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Hainan, Japan, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malaya, Maluku, Marianas, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Pakistan, Philippines, Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, West Himalaya

    Introduced into:

    Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central

    Pogonatherum crinitum (Thunb.) Kunth appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2004 de Kok, R.P.J. [1031], Malaysia K000223106
    Kerr, A.F.G. [15152], Thailand K000620362
    Kerr, A.F.G. [13209], Thailand K000620363
    Kerr, A.F.G. [3274], Thailand K000620364
    Kerr, A.F.G. [14103], Thailand K000620365
    Kerr, A.F.G. [14103], Thailand K000620366
    Kerr, A.F.G. [16523], Thailand K000620367
    Kerr, A.F.G. [16523], Thailand K000620368
    Kerr, A.F.G. [11417], Thailand K000620369
    Kerr, A.F.G. [11417], Thailand K000620370
    Kerr, A.F.G. [18424], Thailand K000620371
    Kerr, A.F.G. [6814], Thailand K000620372
    Sorensen, Th. [1016], Thailand K000688567
    Sorensen, Th. [1872], Thailand K000688568
    Larsen, K. [415], Thailand K000688573
    van Beusekom, C.F. [1830], Thailand K000688571
    Parnell, J. [95-292], Thailand K000688566
    Williams, L. [17244], Thailand K000688570
    Smitinand, T. [6756], Thailand K000688562
    Smitinand, T. [2157], Thailand K000688564
    Smitinand, T. [5719], Thailand K000688575
    Lazarides, M. [7474], Thailand K000688565
    Bunchuai, K. [387], Thailand K000688563
    Phengkhlai, C. [81], Thailand K000688561
    den Hoed, G. [214], Thailand K000688572
    Khantchai [1068], Thailand K000688574
    Lakshnakara, M.C. [833], Thailand K000620373
    Bunchuai [75], Thailand K000688569
    Beechey, F.W. [s.n.], Japan K000943466

    First published in Enum. Pl. 1: 478 (1833)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
    • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
    • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.
    • Turner, I.M. (1995 publ. 1997). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(2): 347-655.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Koyama, T. (1987). Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions: an identification manual: 1-570. Kodansha, Tokyo, Japan.
    • Cope, T.A. (1982). Flora of Pakistan 143: 1-678. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
    • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
    • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.
    • Turner, I.M. (1995 publ. 1997). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(2): 347-655.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Koyama, T. (1987). Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions: an identification manual: 1-570. Kodansha, Tokyo, Japan.
    • Cope, T.A. (1982). Flora of Pakistan 143: 1-678. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
    • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.
    • Camus, E.G. & Camus, A. in H. Lecomte (1922). Flore Générale de l'indo-Chine 1(3): 193-336.

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0