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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Puelia Franch.
      1. Puelia olyriformis (Franch.) Clayton

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to Tanzania.

    [FWTA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

    Habit
    Perennial, about 60 cm. high.
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes short; pachymorph; knotty. Culms erect; 40-100 cm long; firm. Lateral branches lacking. Leaves cauline. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 12-30 cm long; 20-60 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation with distinct cross veins. Leaf-blade surface glabrous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; linear; 10-20 cm long; 1-3 cm wide. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 3-4 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 10-16 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus subtended by a fleshy frill; these appendages 0.2 mm long.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 3-4 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 10-16 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus subtended by a fleshy frill; these appendages 0.2 mm long.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 2-4 mm long; 0.5-0.8 length of upper glume; herbaceous; without keels; 5 -veined. Lower glume margins ciliolate. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 4-5 mm long; 0.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; herbaceous; without keels; 9 -veined. Upper glume margins ciliolate. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets similar; male; with palea; separately deciduous. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 9-11 mm long; herbaceous; 11 -veined; ribbed; ciliolate on margins; obtuse. Palea of lower sterile floret pilose. Fertile florets female. Fertile lemma lanceolate; 10-11 mm long; coriaceous (softly); pallid; without keel; 9 -veined. Lemma lateral veins with cross-veins. Lemma surface pubescent. Lemma margins ciliolate. Lemma apex truncate. Palea ovate; 1 length of lemma; coriaceous; 8 -veined; without keels. Palea surface pubescent. Palea apex truncate.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; oblanceolate; membranous; ciliate. Anthers 6; 3.5 mm long. Filaments united in a tube. Stigmas 3; papillose. Styles connate below. Ovary umbonate.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Africa: west tropical, west-central tropical, and east tropical.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. FTEA.
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Perennial, arising from a short rhizome.
    Culms
    Culms 40 cm. to 1 m. high, erect, the leaves and panicle borne upon the same culm.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades broadly lanceolate, 12–30 cm. long and 2–6 cm. wide, glabrous, with fine transverse nerves, rounded or broadly cuneate at the base, tapering to an acuminate tip; leaf-sheaths glabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle linear, 10–20 cm. long and 1–3 cm. wide, the spikelets clearly pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets narrowly ovate, 10–16 mm. long; glumes unequal, the lower 2–4 mm, long, the upper 4–5 mm, long; ♂ lemmas ovate, 9–11 mm. long, herbaceous to chartaceous, finely ridged by the prominent nerves; anthers 3.5 mm. long; ♀ lemma lanceolate, 10–11 mm. long, subtended by a fleshy frill 0.2 mm. high around its base.
    Figures
    Fig. 5.
    Habitat
    Forest undergrowth; 1000 m.
    Distribution
    T6

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cameroon, Congo, Gabon, Liberia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Zaïre

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Puelia olyriformis (Franch.) Clayton appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in Kew Bull. 20: 273 (1966)

    Accepted by

    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Lebrun, J.P. (1973). Énumération des plantes vasculaires du Sénégal: 1-209. Maisons Alfort: Institut d'élevage et de médecine vétérinaire des pays tropicaux.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.
    • Clayton, W.D. (1970). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 1: 1-176.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • in Kew Bull. 20: 271 (1966).

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Lebrun, J.P. (1973). Énumération des plantes vasculaires du Sénégal: 1-209. Maisons Alfort: Institut d'élevage et de médecine vétérinaire des pays tropicaux.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • W. D. Clayton in Kew Bulletin 20: 271 (1966).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0