1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Saccharum L.
      1. Saccharum angustifolium (Nees) Trin.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Colombia to Venezuela, Bolivia to Brazil and NE. Argentina.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 1500 m.; Andes, Orinoquia, Valle del Magdalena.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short. Culms erect; robust; 90-200 cm long. Culm-nodes glabrous. Lateral branches lacking. Leaves mostly basal. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface, or pubescent. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 3-4 mm long; truncate. Leaf-blades erect; 30-40 cm long; 4-6 mm wide; glaucous. Leaf-blade surface scabrous; rough adaxially; glabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle with branches tipped by a raceme; exserted, or embraced at base by subtending leaf. Peduncle glabrous. Panicle open; oblong; dense; 20-25 cm long. Rhachis fragile at the nodes; subterete; pilose on surface. Rhachis internodes linear; 4.5-6 mm long. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile and pedicelled; 2 in the cluster; subequal. Pedicels linear; 5-6 mm long; ciliate.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 6-8 mm long; 1-1.25 mm wide; falling entire; deciduous from the base, or with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus bearded; base truncate. Spikelet callus hairs 6-8 mm long; 1 length of spikelet.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 6-8 mm long; 1-1.25 mm wide; falling entire; deciduous from the base, or with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus bearded; base truncate. Spikelet callus hairs 6-8 mm long; 1 length of spikelet.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 1 length of spikelet; chartaceous; 2-keeled. Lower glume surface flat; pilose. Lower glume apex dentate; 2 -fid. Upper glume lanceolate; 1 length of spikelet; chartaceous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume surface pilose. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate; 4 mm long; hyaline; acute. Fertile lemma lanceolate; hyaline. Lemma apex acute; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn straight; 12-15 mm long overall. Palea 2.5-3 length of lemma.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate. Anthers 3.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; oblong; 2.8-3.3 mm long.
    Distribution
    South America: northern South America, western South America, Brazil, and southern South America.
    Reference
    Andropogoneae. Fl Cat 1994.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Bolivia, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Colombia, Paraguay, Uruguay, Venezuela

    Saccharum angustifolium (Nees) Trin. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2018 Balansa, B. [301], Paraguay K000643047 Unknown type material
    Oct 19, 2012 Burchell, W.J. [4584-2], Brazil K001068722
    Oct 10, 2012 Burchell, W.J. [4336], Brazil K001068723
    Ball, J. [s.n.], Brazil K001068719
    Clayton, W.D. [462], Brazil K001068622
    Clayton, W.D. [4676], Brazil K001068623
    Clayton, W.D. [4261], Brazil K001068627
    Irwin, H.S. [8688], Brazil K001068619
    Irwin, H.S. [6402], Brazil K001068621
    Riedel [1654], Brazil K000643049
    Longhi-Wagner, H.M. [6023], Brazil K001068618
    Anderson, W.R. [35228], Brazil K001068717
    Smith, L.B. [15677], Brazil K001068716
    Balansa, B. [298], Paraguay K000643048
    Burchell, W.J. [44832], Brazil K001068718
    Bourgeau, M. [2970], Mexico K000643050
    Dusén, P. [16068], Brazil K001068626
    Sellow [s.n.], Brazil K000643045
    Sellow [s.n.], Brazil K000643046
    Rambo, B. [36464], Brazil K001068721
    Reitz, R. [6542], Brazil K001068620
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [16597], Brazil K001068712
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [22380], Brazil K001068713
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [22380], Brazil K001068714
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [18626], Brazil K001068715
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [15694], Brazil K001068720
    Hatschbach, G.G. [32818], Brazil K001068624
    Hatschbach, G.G. [21428], Brazil K001068628
    Dombrowski, L.T.D [10168], Brazil K001068625
    Dombrowski, L.T.D [2741], Brazil K001068629

    First published in Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg, Sér. 6, Sci. Math., Seconde Pt. Sci. Nat. 4(2): 92 (1836)

    Accepted by

    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0