1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Saccharum L.
      1. Saccharum asperum (Nees) Steud.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Venezuela, Central & SE. Brazil to NE. Argentina.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms erect; robust; 120-300 cm long; 10-15 mm diam. Culm-internodes distally glabrous. Culm-nodes bearded. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface, or pilose; with tubercle-based hairs. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Leaf-blades 50-75 cm long; 15-35 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle with branches tipped by a raceme. Peduncle 20 cm long; hirsute above. Panicle open; ovate; dense; 17-25 cm long; 7-12 cm wide. Racemes 3-8 cm long. Rhachis fragile at the nodes; subterete; ciliate on margins. Rhachis internodes linear; 2.5 mm long. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile and pedicelled; 2 in the cluster; subequal. Pedicels linear; 2.5 mm long; ciliate.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 4-5 mm long; falling entire; deciduous from the base, or with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus bearded; base truncate. Spikelet callus hairs white; 5-7 mm long; 1.2-1.4 length of spikelet.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 4-5 mm long; falling entire; deciduous from the base, or with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus bearded; base truncate. Spikelet callus hairs white; 5-7 mm long; 1.2-1.4 length of spikelet.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 1 length of spikelet; cartilaginous; 2-keeled; 2-3 -veined. Lower glume surface flat; scabrous; rough on flanks; glabrous. Lower glume apex entire, or dentate; 2 -fid; acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 1 length of spikelet; cartilaginous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate; hyaline; acute. Fertile lemma lanceolate; 3 mm long; hyaline. Lemma apex acute; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn straight; 5-7 mm long overall.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate. Anthers 3.
    Distribution
    South America: northern South America, Brazil, and southern South America.
    Reference
    Andropogoneae. Fl Guiana 1994.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Paraguay, Uruguay, Venezuela

    Saccharum asperum (Nees) Steud. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 19, 2012 Isabelle, M. [s.n.], Brazil K001068695
    Clayton, W.D. [4677], Brazil K001068688
    Clayton, W.D. [4655], Brazil K001068689
    Clayton, W.D. [4314], Brazil K001068692
    Clayton, W.D. [4306], Brazil K001068693
    Clayton, W.D. [4677], Brazil K001068687
    Irwin, H.S. [9819], Brazil K001068708
    Heringer, E.P. [14305], Brazil K001068704
    Riedel [995], Brazil K000643044
    Kummrow, R. [2213], Brazil K001068691
    Smith, L.B. [5995], Brazil K001068697
    Smith, L.B. [15452], Brazil K001068698
    Kuhlmann, M. [2280], Brazil K001068685
    Kuhlmann, M. [2280], Brazil K001068686
    Gardner, G. [850], Brazil K001068700
    Burchell, W.J. [3442], Brazil K001068705
    Burchell, W.J. [4434], Brazil K001068710
    Burchell, W.J. [2638], Brazil K001068711
    Sellow [s.n.], Brazil K001068707
    Rambo, B. [36464], Brazil K001068709
    Saito, Y. [1325], Brazil K001068690
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [18622], Brazil K001068699
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [18622], Brazil K001068701
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [6927], Brazil K001068702
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [15693], Brazil K001068703
    Widgren, J.F. [s.n.], Brazil K001068706
    Skvortzov, B. [89], Brazil K001068684
    Hatschbach, G.G. [15939], Brazil K001068694
    Hatschbach, G.G. [20735], Brazil K001068696

    First published in Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 407 (1854)

    Accepted by

    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0