1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Saccharum L.
      1. Saccharum fallax Balansa

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Assam to S. China and W. Malesia.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms erect; 100-150 cm long. Leaf-sheaths outer margin hairy. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 40-80 cm long; 10-15 mm wide; stiff. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or hirsute; sparsely hairy. Leaf-blade margins scabrous. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle with branches tipped by a raceme. Peduncle pubescent above. Panicle open; oblong; dense; 30-40 cm long. Primary panicle branches appressed. Racemes 8-10 cm long. Rhachis fragile at the nodes; subterete; pilose on surface. Rhachis hairs tawny. Rhachis internodes linear. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile and pedicelled; 2 in the cluster; subequal. Pedicels linear; ciliate; with tawny hairs.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets linear, or oblong; dorsally compressed; 4-5 mm long; falling entire; deciduous from the base, or with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus bearded; base truncate. Spikelet callus hairs tawny; 2 mm long; 0.5 length of spikelet.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets linear, or oblong; dorsally compressed; 4-5 mm long; falling entire; deciduous from the base, or with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus bearded; base truncate. Spikelet callus hairs tawny; 2 mm long; 0.5 length of spikelet.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 1 length of spikelet; chartaceous; much thinner above; 2-keeled; 2 -veined. Lower glume surface flat; pubescent; hairy generally. Lower glume margins ciliate. Lower glume hairs tawny. Lower glume apex truncate. Upper glume lanceolate; 1 length of spikelet; chartaceous; much thinner above; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex truncate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate; 2.5 mm long; hyaline; ciliolate on margins; acute. Fertile lemma linear, or oblong; 2 mm long; hyaline. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; muticous, or awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; 3-7 mm long overall. Palea absent or minute.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate; ciliate. Anthers 3; 2 mm long.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: China. Asia-tropical: India, Indo-China, and Malesia.
    Reference
    Andropogoneae. Fl Assam 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, China South-Central, China Southeast, Hainan, Laos, Myanmar, Sumatera, Vietnam

    Saccharum fallax Balansa appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Clarke, C.B. [40209], India K000245562 isosyntype
    Clarke, C.B. [44484], India K000245563 Unknown type material
    Clarke, C.B. [44536], India K000245707 Unknown type material
    Balansa, B. [1734], Vietnam K000290163 syntype

    First published in J. Bot. (Morot) 4: 80 (1890)

    Accepted by

    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Masamune, G. (1942). Enumeratio phanerogamarum Bornearum: 1-739. Taihoku, Formosa.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0