1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Saccharum L.
      1. Saccharum griffithii Munro ex Aitch.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Arabian Peninsula, Iran to W. Himalaya, Bangladesh.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms erect; robust; 100-200 cm long. Ligule a ciliate membrane. Leaf-blade base tapering to the midrib. Leaf-blades flat, or involute; 30-60 cm long; 4-6 mm wide; glaucous. Leaf-blade midrib widened.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle with branches tipped by a raceme. Peduncle glabrous. Panicle open; oblong; 20-35 cm long; 4-5 cm wide. Panicle axis glabrous. Racemes 1.5-2.5 cm long; bearing few fertile spikelets; bearing 4-8 fertile spikelets on each. Rhachis fragile at the nodes; subterete; pilose on surface. Rhachis hairs 4-6 mm long. Rhachis internodes linear. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile and pedicelled; 2 in the cluster; subequal. Pedicels linear; ciliate; with 4-6 mm long hairs.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 4-5 mm long; falling entire; deciduous from the base, or with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus bearded; base truncate. Spikelet callus hairs yellow; 2-4 mm long; 0.5-0.9 length of spikelet.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 4-5 mm long; falling entire; deciduous from the base, or with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus bearded; base truncate. Spikelet callus hairs yellow; 2-4 mm long; 0.5-0.9 length of spikelet.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; much thinner above; pallid and red (at tip); 2-keeled. Lower glume surface flat; pubescent to villous. Lower glume margins ciliate. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume lanceolate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; much thinner above; without keels. Upper glume surface pubescent to villous. Upper glume margins ciliate. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate; hyaline; ciliolate on margins; acute. Fertile lemma lanceolate; hyaline. Lemma apex muticous, or awned. Principal lemma awn 0-4 mm long overall. Palea absent or minute.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate; ciliate. Anthers 3.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: western Asia and Arabia. Asia-tropical: India.
    Reference
    Andropogoneae. Fl Pak 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Gulf States, Iran, Oman, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, West Himalaya, Yemen

    Saccharum griffithii Munro ex Aitch. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Stocks, J.E. [1209], India K000943379
    Aitchison, J.E.T. [546], Afghanistan K000943393
    Aitchison, J.E.T. [271], Afghanistan K000943390
    Aitchison, J.E.T. [440], Afghanistan K000943391
    Griffith, W. [179], Afghanistan K000943392
    Griffith, W. [s.n.], Afghanistan K000943378
    Griffith, W. [363], Afghanistan K000943373
    Griffith, W. [1193], Afghanistan K000943374
    Griffith, W. [s.n.], Afghanistan K000943377
    Stewart, J.L. [469] K000943376
    Falconer, H. [666], India K000943375

    First published in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 19: 191 (1882)

    Accepted by

    • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
    • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
    • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Cope, T.A. (1982). Flora of Pakistan 143: 1-678. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
    • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
    • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
    • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
    • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
    • Cope, T.A. (1982). Flora of Pakistan 143: 1-678. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
    • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0