1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Saccharum L.
      1. Saccharum kajkaiense (Melderis) Melderis

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Oman, Iran to Pakistan.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms erect; 75-125 cm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades flat, or convolute; 30-60 cm long; 3-4 mm wide; glaucous. Leaf-blade midrib conspicuous. Leaf-blade surface scaberulous; rough adaxially.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle with branches tipped by a raceme. Peduncle hirsute above. Panicle open; lanceolate; 10-20 cm long; 2-3 cm wide. Racemes 1.5-7.5 cm long. Rhachis fragile at the nodes; subterete; villous on surface. Rhachis internodes filiform. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile and pedicelled; 2 in the cluster; subequal. Pedicels filiform; villous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 4.5-8 mm long; falling entire; deciduous from the base, or with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus bearded; base truncate. Spikelet callus hairs white; 4.5-5.5 mm long; 0.75-1 length of spikelet.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 4.5-8 mm long; falling entire; deciduous from the base, or with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus bearded; base truncate. Spikelet callus hairs white; 4.5-5.5 mm long; 0.75-1 length of spikelet.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume elliptic, or oblong; 4-6 mm long; 0.75-0.9 length of spikelet; coriaceous; much thinner above; 2-keeled. Lower glume surface flat. Lower glume margins ciliate. Lower glume apex acute, or acuminate. Upper glume lanceolate; 5-8 mm long; 1 length of spikelet; coriaceous; much thinner above; without keels. Upper glume margins ciliate. Upper glume apex setaceously attenuate, or caudate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret elliptic; hyaline; 0-1 -veined; without midvein, or with evident midvein; without lateral veins; ciliolate on margins; acute; muticous, or mucronate. Fertile lemma linear, or lanceolate; hyaline. Lemma margins ciliate. Palea absent or minute.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate; ciliate. Anthers 3; 2.75 mm long; purple.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: western Asia and Arabia. Asia-tropical: India.
    Reference
    Andropogoneae. Fl Pak 1993.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Iran, Oman, Pakistan

    Saccharum kajkaiense (Melderis) Melderis appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Fl. Iranica 70: 515 (1970)

    Accepted by

    • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Cope, T.A. (1982). Flora of Pakistan 143: 1-678. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
    • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
    • Cope, T.A. (1982). Flora of Pakistan 143: 1-678. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
    • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0