1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Saccharum L.
      1. Saccharum kanashiroi (Ohwi) Ohwi

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Nansei-shoto.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; culms solitary. Rhizomes short. Culms erect; 70-100 cm long; 5-10 mm diam.; 7-9 -noded. Culm-internodes terete; solid; 15-17 cm long; smooth; distally glabrous. Leaf-sheaths longer than adjacent culm internode; wider than blade at the collar; glabrous on surface. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate. Ligule a ciliolate membrane; 1-1.5 mm long. Leaf-blades tapering towards tip and sheath; 70-100 cm long; 6-10(-15) mm wide; herbaceous; stiff. Leaf-blade midrib conspicuous. Leaf-blade surface smooth; glabrous; hairless except near base. Leaf-blade margins scabrous. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle with branches tipped by a raceme. Peduncle scaberulous above. Panicle open; lanceolate, or elliptic; dense; 25-35 cm long; 6-15 cm wide. Primary panicle branches 1-4 cm long. Racemes 3-10 cm long. Rhachis fragile at the nodes; subterete; hirsute on surface. Rhachis hairs 3-6 mm long. Rhachis internodes linear; 4-5 mm long. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile and pedicelled; 2 in the cluster; subequal. Pedicels linear; 2-3 mm long; villous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 4-4.5 mm long; falling entire; deciduous from the base, or with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus bearded; base truncate. Spikelet callus hairs 3-6 mm long; 1-1.5 length of spikelet.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 4-4.5 mm long; falling entire; deciduous from the base, or with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus bearded; base truncate. Spikelet callus hairs 3-6 mm long; 1-1.5 length of spikelet.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 1 length of spikelet; chartaceous; much thinner above; 2-keeled; 3-4 -veined. Lower glume surface flat; hirsute. Lower glume hairs 4-7 mm long. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 1 length of spikelet; coriaceous; much thinner above; without keels; 1(-3) -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent, or obscure. Upper glume surface glabrous (sessile), or hirsute (pedicelled). Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate; 3 mm long; hyaline; 3 -veined; acute. Fertile lemma lanceolate; 2.2-2.5 mm long; hyaline; 1 -veined. Lemma apex awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn straight; 3-5 mm long overall. Palea absent or minute.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: eastern Asia.
    Reference
    Andropogoneae. FL JAPAN 1999.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Nansei-shoto

    Saccharum kanashiroi (Ohwi) Ohwi appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Kanashiro, T. [s.n.], Japan K000943388

    First published in Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 11: 152 (1942)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Koyama, T. (1987). Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions: an identification manual: 1-570. Kodansha, Tokyo, Japan.
    • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0