1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Saccharum L.
      1. Saccharum longesetosum (Andersson) V.Naray. ex Bor

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Himalaya to S. China.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes elongated. Culms erect; robust; 200-250 cm long. Culm-internodes solid. Leaf-sheaths pilose; with tubercle-based hairs. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Leaf-blades 30-100 cm long; 7-15 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface smooth; glabrous, or puberulous. Leaf-blade margins scabrous. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle with branches tipped by a raceme. Peduncle glabrous. Panicle open; elliptic; dense; 15-45 cm long. Rhachis fragile at the nodes; subterete; villous on surface. Rhachis hairs tawny; 3-8 mm long. Rhachis internodes linear. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile and pedicelled; 2 in the cluster; heteromorphic (pedicelled spikelet villous); subequal. Pedicels linear; villous; with tawny hairs; with 3-8 mm long hairs.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate, or oblong; dorsally compressed; 4.5-5 mm long; falling entire; deciduous from the base, or with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus bearded; base truncate. Spikelet callus hairs tawny; 8 mm long; 2 length of spikelet.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate, or oblong; dorsally compressed; 4.5-5 mm long; falling entire; deciduous from the base, or with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus bearded; base truncate. Spikelet callus hairs tawny; 8 mm long; 2 length of spikelet.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 1 length of spikelet; chartaceous; much thinner above; 2-keeled; 2-6 -veined. Lower glume surface flat; glabrous (sessile), or villous (pedicelled); hairy below. Lower glume apex emarginate, or truncate. Upper glume lanceolate; 1 length of spikelet; chartaceous; much thinner above; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume margins ciliate. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret oblong; hyaline; ciliolate on margins; acute. Fertile lemma linear; 3.5 mm long; hyaline. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; 10-20 mm long overall. Palea absent or minute.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate; ciliate. Anthers 3.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: China. Asia-tropical: India and Indo-China.
    Reference
    Andropogoneae. Fl Assam 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Assam, Bangladesh, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Tibet, West Himalaya

    Saccharum longesetosum (Andersson) V.Naray. ex Bor appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Kerr, A.F.G. [20147], Thailand K000620307
    Kerr, A.F.G. [20147], Thailand K000620308
    Larsen, K. [982], Thailand K000688491
    Larsen, K. [1074], Thailand K000688492
    Hooker, J.D. [15], India K000309026 syntype
    Hooker, J.D. [15], India Saccharum longesetosum var. hookeri K000245558 isotype

    First published in Fl. Assam 5(App. 1): 461 (1940)

    Accepted by

    • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
    • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0