1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Saccharum L.
      1. Saccharum maximum (Brongn.) Trin.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Pacific.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms erect; robust; 200-500 cm long. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Leaf-blades 35-70 cm long; 20-30 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle with branches tipped by a raceme. Panicle open; ovate; 30-40 cm long. Rhachis fragile at the nodes; subterete; pilose on surface. Rhachis internodes linear; 1.1-1.2 length of fertile spikelet. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile and pedicelled; 2 in the cluster; subequal. Pedicels linear; 0.5 length of internode; ciliate.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 4-4.5 mm long; falling entire; deciduous from the base, or with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus bearded; base truncate. Spikelet callus hairs white; 1.5-2 length of spikelet.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 4-4.5 mm long; falling entire; deciduous from the base, or with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus bearded; base truncate. Spikelet callus hairs white; 1.5-2 length of spikelet.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 1 length of spikelet; coriaceous; much thinner above; 2-keeled. Lower glume primary vein scabrous. Lower glume surface flat; glabrous. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume lanceolate; 1 length of spikelet; coriaceous; much thinner above; without keels; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate; hyaline; acute; mucronate. Fertile lemma linear; hyaline; 1 -veined. Lemma apex awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn curved; 0.5-4 mm long overall. Palea 0.5 length of lemma. Palea keels ciliolate.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate. Anthers 3.
    Distribution
    Pacific: southwestern and south-central.
    Reference
    Andropogoneae. Brown 1994.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cook Is., Fiji, Marquesas, New Caledonia, Samoa, Society Is., Tubuai Is., Vanuatu

    Saccharum maximum (Brongn.) Trin. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg, Sér. 6, Sci. Math., Seconde Pt. Sci. Nat. 4(2): 92 (1836)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0