1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Saccharum L.
      1. Saccharum narenga (Nees ex Steud.) Hack.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia, Indian Subcontinent to S. China and Indo-China, Taiwan.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms erect; robust; 150-350 cm long. Culm-internodes solid. Culm-nodes bearded. Leaf-sheaths hirsute. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blade base tapering to the midrib. Leaf-blades flat, or conduplicate; 50-100 cm long; 4-30 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface pilose; with tubercle-based hairs. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle with branches tipped by a raceme. Peduncle hirsute above. Panicle open; linear; dense; 20-55 cm long. Primary panicle branches 5-10 cm long. Racemes 1-2.5 cm long. Rhachis fragile at the nodes; subterete. Rhachis internodes filiform. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile and pedicelled; 2 in the cluster; subequal. Pedicels filiform; villous; with 3-6 mm long hairs.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; dorsally compressed; obtuse; 2-3 mm long; falling entire; deciduous from the base, or with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus bearded; base truncate. Spikelet callus hairs white; 0.5 length of spikelet.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; dorsally compressed; obtuse; 2-3 mm long; falling entire; deciduous from the base, or with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus bearded; base truncate. Spikelet callus hairs white; 0.5 length of spikelet.
    Glume
    Glumes reaching apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume oblong; 1 length of spikelet; coriaceous; dark brown, or red; without keels. Lower glume surface pilose. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume oblong; 1 length of spikelet; coriaceous; dark brown, or red; without keels. Upper glume surface pilose. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret oblong; 1 length of spikelet; hyaline; 0 -veined; without midvein; without lateral veins; ciliate on margins; obtuse. Fertile lemma oblong; 2-3 mm long; hyaline. Lemma margins ciliolate; hairy above. Lemma apex entire; muticous. Palea hyaline.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3.
    Distribution
    Africa: northeast tropical. Asia-temperate: China and eastern Asia. Asia-tropical: India and Indo-China.
    Reference
    Andropogoneae. Fl Pak.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Assam, Bangladesh, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Ethiopia, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, West Himalaya

    Saccharum narenga (Nees ex Steud.) Hack. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Hooker, J.D. [s.n.], Bangladesh K000245565 Unknown type material
    Hooker, J.D. [2512], India K000943369
    Wight, R. [s.n.], Assam K000943368
    Wallich, N. [5856], India K000245564
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. s.n.], Bangladesh K001132711
    Galbraith, A.F. [19285], Guangdong K000943386
    Jul 1, 1977 Rice, C. [18], Nepal Narenga porphyrocoma K000731575
    Soderstrom, T.R. [2092], Nepal Narenga porphyrocoma K000731577

    First published in A.L.P.P.de Candolle & A.C.P.de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 6: 19 (1889)

    Accepted by

    • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Cope, T.A. (1982). Flora of Pakistan 143: 1-678. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
    • Sarmah, K.K. & Borthakur, S.K. (2009). A checklist of angiospermic plants of Manas national park in Assam, India Pleione 3: 190-200.
    • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0