1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Saccharum L.
      1. Saccharum procerum Roxb.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Nepal to S. China and Indo-China.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms erect; robust; 400-600 cm long. Culm-internodes solid. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blade base tapering to the midrib. Leaf-blades 75-150 cm long; 20-60 mm wide. Leaf-blade midrib conspicuous. Leaf-blade margins scabrous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle with branches tipped by a raceme. Peduncle glabrous. Panicle open; ovate; 30-80 cm long; 15 cm wide. Primary panicle branches whorled at most nodes. Panicle axis glabrous. Panicle branches glabrous. Rhachis fragile at the nodes; subterete; villous on surface. Rhachis internodes filiform; 6-7 mm long. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile and pedicelled; 2 in the cluster; subequal. Pedicels filiform; 2.5-3.5 mm long; villous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 3-4 mm long; falling entire; deciduous from the base, or with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus bearded; base truncate. Spikelet callus hairs white; 1.5 length of spikelet.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 3-4 mm long; falling entire; deciduous from the base, or with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus bearded; base truncate. Spikelet callus hairs white; 1.5 length of spikelet.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; much thinner above; 2-keeled. Lower glume primary vein scabrous. Lower glume surface flat; villous. Lower glume margins ciliate. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume lanceolate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; much thinner above; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume margins ciliate. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret linear; 3-4 mm long; hyaline; 1 -veined; without lateral veins; ciliolate on margins; acute. Fertile lemma linear; 3-4 mm long; hyaline; 1 -veined. Palea absent or minute.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate; ciliate. Anthers 3.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: China. Asia-tropical: India and Indo-China.
    Reference
    Andropogoneae. Fl Assam 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Assam, Bangladesh, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Tibet

    Introduced into:

    Jawa

    Saccharum procerum Roxb. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Fl. Ind. 1: 243 (1820)

    Accepted by

    • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Sumadijaya, A. (2011). An account of the non-bambusoid alien grasses (Poaceae) in java, one century after first records by Backer Folia Malaysiana 12: 47-68.
    • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0