1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Saccharum L.
      1. Saccharum sikkimense (Hook.f.) V.Naray. ex Bor

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Central & E. Himalaya.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms erect; 30-60 cm long. Ligule a ciliate membrane. Leaf-blade base tapering to the midrib. Leaf-blades 20-30 cm long; 4 mm wide; stiff. Leaf-blade midrib widened.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle with branches tipped by a raceme. Peduncle hirsute above. Panicle open; linear; 10-20 cm long. Primary panicle branches appressed. Panicle axis villous. Rhachis fragile at the nodes; subterete; pilose on surface. Rhachis internodes linear. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile and pedicelled; 2 in the cluster; subequal. Pedicels linear; ciliate.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 5 mm long; falling entire; deciduous from the base, or with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus bearded; base truncate. Spikelet callus hairs purple; 2-3 mm long; 0.5 length of spikelet.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 5 mm long; falling entire; deciduous from the base, or with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus bearded; base truncate. Spikelet callus hairs purple; 2-3 mm long; 0.5 length of spikelet.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 1 length of spikelet; coriaceous; much thinner above; 2-keeled. Lower glume surface flat; pubescent; hairy generally. Lower glume apex emarginate. Upper glume lanceolate; 1 length of spikelet; chartaceous; much thinner above; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate; hyaline; ciliolate on margins; acute. Fertile lemma linear, or lanceolate; hyaline; 1 -veined. Lemma margins ciliolate. Lemma apex entire; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn apical; curved; 3 mm long overall. Palea absent or minute.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate; ciliate. Anthers 3.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: India.
    Reference
    Andropogoneae. Fl Brit Ind 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    East Himalaya, Nepal

    Saccharum sikkimense (Hook.f.) V.Naray. ex Bor appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1940 Hooker, J.D. [s.n.], Sikkim K000245560 holotype

    First published in Fl. Assam 5(App. 1): 462 (1940)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0