1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Saccharum L.
      1. Saccharum velutinum (Holttum) Cope

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Peninsula Malaysia.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms rambling; robust; 200-300 cm long; 5-6 mm diam. Leaf-sheaths 13-13.5 cm long; striately veined; glabrous on surface, or pilose. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1 mm long; pilose on abaxial surface. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 15-30 cm long; 20-40 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface pubescent; densely hairy; hairy on both sides. Leaf-blade margins scaberulous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle with branches tipped by a raceme. Panicle open; lanceolate; 25 cm long. Primary panicle branches whorled at lower nodes. Panicle axis pubescent. Racemes bearing few fertile spikelets; 2 fertile spikelets on each. Rhachis fragile at the nodes; subterete. Rhachis internodes clavate. Rhachis internode tip with hairy rim. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile and pedicelled; 2 in the cluster. Pedicels clavate; puberulous; hairy at tip.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; 3 mm long; falling entire; deciduous from the base, or with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus bearded; base obtuse; inserted. Spikelet callus hairs white; 5-6.5 mm long; 2 length of spikelet.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; 3 mm long; falling entire; deciduous from the base, or with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus bearded; base obtuse; inserted. Spikelet callus hairs white; 5-6.5 mm long; 2 length of spikelet.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; chartaceous; without keels; 5 -veined. Lower glume surface puberulous; hairy below. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume oblong; chartaceous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume margins ciliate. Upper glume apex truncate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 2.5 mm long; hyaline; 3 -veined; dentate; 2 -fid. Fertile lemma linear; 2.2 mm long; hyaline; 3 -veined. Lemma apex lobed; 2 -fid; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; geniculate; 6.2 mm long overall; with twisted column. Palea lanceolate; 1.8 mm long; hyaline. Palea surface pilose; hairy on margins.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2. Anthers 3; 1.8 mm long; yellow.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: Malesia.
    Reference
    Andropogoneae. Gilliland 1997.

    Images

    Distribution

    Saccharum velutinum (Holttum) Cope appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jul 29, 1963 Holttum, R.E. [s.n.], Peninsular Malaysia Spodiopogon velutinus K000290162 isotype

    First published in Kew Bull. 35: 703 (1980)

    Not accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Spodiopogon velutinus.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Gilliland, H.B. (1971). A revised flora of Malaya 3: 1-319. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Singapore.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0