1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Saccharum L.
      1. Saccharum villosum Steud.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Mexico to Honduras, S. Tropical America.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 500 m.; Orinoquia, Valle del Magdalena.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms erect; robust; 125-200 cm long; 5-10 mm diam. Culm-internodes solid; distally glabrous. Culm-nodes glabrous, or bearded. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface, or pilose, or hispid. Ligule a ciliolate membrane; 4-7 mm long. Leaf-blades 45-75 cm long; 10-20 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or pilose. Leaf-blade margins scabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle with branches tipped by a raceme; embraced at base by subtending leaf. Peduncle pubescent above. Panicle open; oblong; dense; 25-35 cm long; 4-7 cm wide. Panicle axis villous. Racemes 6-12 cm long. Rhachis fragile at the nodes; subterete; ciliate on margins. Rhachis internodes linear; 4-10 mm long. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile and pedicelled; 2 in the cluster; subequal. Pedicels linear; 2-5 mm long; ciliate.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; acuminate; 6-7 mm long; falling entire; deciduous from the base, or with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus bearded; base truncate. Spikelet callus hairs white; 8-10 mm long; 1.3-1.4 length of spikelet.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; acuminate; 6-7 mm long; falling entire; deciduous from the base, or with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus bearded; base truncate. Spikelet callus hairs white; 8-10 mm long; 1.3-1.4 length of spikelet.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 1 length of spikelet; cartilaginous; 2-keeled; 4 -veined. Lower glume surface flat; pilose. Lower glume margins ciliate. Upper glume lanceolate; 1 length of spikelet; cartilaginous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume surface pilose. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate; 4.5 mm long; hyaline; acute. Fertile lemma lanceolate; 5 mm long; hyaline. Lemma surface pubescent; hairy below. Lemma apex acute; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn straight; 6-9 mm long overall.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate. Anthers 3; 0.4 mm long.
    Distribution
    North America: Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana, northern South America, western South America, Brazil, and southern South America.
    Reference
    Andropogoneae. Gr Bahia 1994.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Bolivia, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico Southeast, Paraguay, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela

    Saccharum villosum Steud. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 19, 2012 Burchell [4483], Brazil K000643042
    Oct 19, 2012 Riedel [996], Brazil K000643041
    Oct 19, 2012 Castellanos, A. [22652], Brazil K001068683
    Oct 19, 2012 Glaziou, A.F.M. [11675], Brazil K000643043
    Oct 19, 2012 Burchell, W.J. [4447], Brazil K001068682
    Oct 19, 2012 Burchell, W.J. [2638], Brazil K001068724
    Oct 19, 2012 Sellow [s.n.], Brazil K001068681
    Oct 19, 2012 Macedo, A. [5251], Brazil K001068746
    Jan 1, 1913 Dusén, P. [13603], Brazil K001068680
    Clayton, W.D. [4547], Brazil K001068742
    Clayton, W.D. [4626], Brazil K001068744
    Clayton, W.D. [4120], Brazil K001068748
    Clayton, W.D. [4625], Brazil K001068749
    Clayton, W.D. [4938], Brazil K001068750
    Longhi-Wagner, H.M. [6080], Brazil K001068747
    Kummrow, R. [169], Brazil K001068745
    Smith, L.B. [14993], Brazil K001068678
    Hoehne, W. [s.n.], Brazil K001068743
    Tweedie, J. [s.n.], Brazil K001068752
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [18625], Brazil K001068677
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [13629], Brazil K001068679
    s.coll. [648], Brazil K001075932
    s.coll. [663], Brazil K001068751
    Tweedie [s.n.], Brazil K001075487
    Tweedie [s.n.], Brazil K001075488

    First published in Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 408 (1854)

    Accepted by

    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0