1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Saccharum L.
      1. Saccharum wardii (Bor) Bor ex Cope

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Assam to Myanmar.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms erect; 200-300 cm long. Culm-internodes solid. Culm-nodes glabrous. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface, or pilose. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 2 mm long; scarious. Leaf-blade base tapering to the midrib. Leaf-blades 50-100 cm long; 10-25 mm wide; glaucous. Leaf-blade surface glabrous. Leaf-blade margins scabrous. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle with branches tipped by a raceme. Panicle open; ovate; 10-20 cm long; 5-10 cm wide. Panicle axis with scattered hairs, or pilose. Racemes 5-10 cm long. Rhachis fragile at the nodes; subterete; villous on margins. Rhachis internodes filiform. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile and pedicelled; 2 in the cluster; subequal. Pedicels filiform; villous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; 4-4.5 mm long; falling entire; deciduous from the base, or with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus square; 0.5 mm long; bearded; base truncate. Spikelet callus hairs purple; 8-9 mm long; 2 length of spikelet.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; 4-4.5 mm long; falling entire; deciduous from the base, or with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus square; 0.5 mm long; bearded; base truncate. Spikelet callus hairs purple; 8-9 mm long; 2 length of spikelet.
    Glume
    Glumes exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume oblong; 4-4.5 mm long; 1 length of spikelet; chartaceous; 2-keeled; keeled above; 5 -veined. Lower glume margins ciliate. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 3.5 mm long; 0.75 length of spikelet; chartaceous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume margins ciliate. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate; 3 mm long; 1 length of spikelet; hyaline; ciliate on margins; acute. Fertile lemma linear; 3 mm long; hyaline. Lemma margins ciliate. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; straight; 20-25 mm long overall. Palea 0.5 mm long; 0.15 length of lemma; hyaline.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 2.5 mm long; purple.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: Indo-China.
    Reference
    Andropogoneae. Bor 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Assam, East Himalaya, Myanmar

    Saccharum wardii (Bor) Bor ex Cope appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Kingdon-Ward, F. [21666], Burma K000245559 holotype

    First published in Kew Bull. 35: 702 (1980)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0