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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Urochloa P.Beauv.
      1. Urochloa distachya (L.) T.Q.Nguyen

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Asia to W. Pacific.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Naturalizada y adventicia en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 500 m.; Islas Caribeñas, Llanura del Caribe, Valle del Magdalena.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Creeping annual; culms 5–20 cm. high, ascending from a prostrate base.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades broadly linear to narrowly lanceolate, 2–8 cm. long, 3–7 mm. wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of 2–3 racemes on an axis 0.5–2 cm. long; racemes 1–3 cm. long, bearing the spikelets on a narrowly winged rhachis.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets narrowly elliptic, 2.4–3 mm. long, glabrous, acute; lower glume 1/3–1/2 as long as the spikelet, clasping; upper glume separated from the lower by a short internode; upper lemma rugulose, bluntly acute.
    Habitat
    Weedy places; sea-level
    Distribution
    T6 India to Sri Lanka, Burma and Thailand
    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual; mat forming. Culms prostrate; 5-20 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades linear, or lanceolate; 2-8 cm long; 3-7 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 2-3; borne along a central axis; unilateral; 1-3 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 0.5-2 cm long. Rhachis narrowly winged; glabrous on margins. Spikelet packing adaxial; regular; 2 -rowed. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; acute; 2.4-3 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated between glumes.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; acute; 2.4-3 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated between glumes.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; clasping; 0.33-0.5 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume oblong; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; oblong; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; acute. Fertile lemma elliptic; 2-2.5 mm long; indurate; without keel. Lemma surface rugulose. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex acute. Palea involute; indurate; without keels. Palea surface rugose.
    Distribution
    Africa: east tropical and western Indian ocean. Asia-tropical: India, Indo-China, Malesia, and Papuasia. Australasia: Australia. Pacific: southwestern, south-central, northwestern, and north-central.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FTEA.
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Creeping annual; culms 10–50 cm. high, ascending from a prostrate base.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades broadly linear to narrowly lanceolate, 2–20 cm. long, 5–10 mm. wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of 3–5 racemes on an axis 3–10 cm. long; racemes 2–6 cm. long, bearing the spikelets singly on a narrowly winged rhachis.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets narrowly elliptic, 3.3–3.7 mm. long, glabrous, acute; lower glume 1/3–1/2 as long as the spikelet, clasping; upper glume separated from the lower by a short internode; upper lemma rugulose, bluntly acute.
    Habitat
    Weedy places; 0–1300 m.
    Distribution
    K7 T6 U4 Z tropical Asia and Australasiaintroduced to several African countries
    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual; mat forming. Culms prostrate; 10-50 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades linear, or lanceolate; 2-20 cm long; 5-10 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 3-5; borne along a central axis; unilateral; 2-6 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 3-10 cm long. Rhachis narrowly winged; glabrous on margins. Spikelet packing adaxial; regular; 2 -rowed. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; acute; 3.3-3.7 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated between glumes.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; acute; 3.3-3.7 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated between glumes.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; clasping; 0.33-0.5 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume oblong; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; oblong; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; acute. Fertile lemma elliptic; 3-3.5 mm long; indurate; without keel. Lemma surface rugulose. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex acute. Palea involute; indurate; without keels. Palea surface rugose.
    Distribution
    Africa: west tropical, west-central tropical, east tropical, and western Indian ocean. Asia-temperate: China and eastern Asia. Asia-tropical: India, Indo-China, Malesia, and Papuasia. Australasia: Australia. Pacific: southwestern, south-central, northwestern, and north-central. North America: Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FTEA.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, Caroline Is., China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Fiji, Gilbert Is., Hainan, India, Jawa, Kazan-retto, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maldives, Maluku, Marianas, Marshall Is., Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nicobar Is., Northern Territory, Oman, Pakistan, Philippines, Queensland, Solomon Is., South Australia, South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Thailand, Vanuatu, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia

    Introduced into:

    Aldabra, Andaman Is., Bahamas, Benin, Cayman Is., Chagos Archipelago, Christmas I., Colombia, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Florida, Hawaii, Honduras, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Leeward Is., Line Is., Madagascar, Maryland, Mauritius, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nauru, Nicaragua, Niue, Panamá, Phoenix Is., Puerto Rico, Rodrigues, Réunion, Samoa, Seychelles, Southwest Caribbean, Tanzania, Texas, Togo, Tokelau-Manihiki, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Venezuela, Wallis-Futuna Is., Windward Is., Zaïre

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Urochloa distachya (L.) T.Q.Nguyen appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    May 13, 1931 Gamble, J.S. [17629], Tamil Nadu Brachiaria distachya K000958910
    May 13, 1931 Wight [1612], India Brachiaria distachya K000958912
    May 13, 1931 Wight [1612], India Brachiaria distachya K000958913
    Kerr, A.F.G. [13516], Thailand Brachiaria distachya K000620990
    Kerr, A.F.G. [13516], Thailand Brachiaria distachya K000620991
    Kloss, C.B. [s.n.], Thailand Brachiaria distachya K000688059
    Drummond, J.R. [21156], Haryana Brachiaria distachya K000958911
    Heckman, C.W. [124], Thailand Brachiaria distachya K000688058
    Apr 1, 1978 Davies, R.M. [9726], Tanzania Brachiaria subquadripara K000496677
    Apr 1, 1978 Bogdan, A. [3333], Kenya Brachiaria subquadripara K000496675
    Apr 1, 1978 Allan, J.G. [s.n.], Kenya Brachiaria subquadripara K000496676
    Thomas, A.S. [3350], Uganda Brachiaria subquadripara K000496674
    Kerr, A.F.G. [1922], Thailand Brachiaria subquadripara K000620992
    Kerr, A.F.G. [3808], Thailand Brachiaria subquadripara K000620993
    Kerr, A.F.G. [3808], Thailand Brachiaria subquadripara K000620994
    Kerr, A.F.G. [4462], Thailand Brachiaria subquadripara K000620995
    Kerr, A.F.G. [12939], Thailand Brachiaria subquadripara K000620996
    Kerr, A.F.G. [15658], Thailand Brachiaria subquadripara K000620997
    Sorensen, Th. [1997], Thailand Brachiaria subquadripara K000688069
    Sorensen, Th. [3692], Thailand Brachiaria subquadripara K000688070
    Sorensen, Th. [4489], Thailand Brachiaria subquadripara K000688071
    Larsen, K. [8004], Thailand Brachiaria subquadripara K000688066
    Larsen, K. [9622], Thailand Brachiaria subquadripara K000688067
    Larsen, K. [1290], Thailand Brachiaria subquadripara K000688068
    Thomson, T. [s.n.], Uttar Pradesh Brachiaria subquadripara K000245289 Unknown type material
    Put [2625], Thailand Brachiaria subquadripara K000620998
    Blake, S.T. [87], Queensland Brachiaria subquadripara K000958898
    Lazarides, M. [7401], Thailand Brachiaria subquadripara K000688062
    Domin, K. [s.n.], Queensland Brachiaria subquadripara K000958897
    Laegaard, S. [21746], Thailand Brachiaria subquadripara K000688061
    Laegaard, S. [21612], Thailand Brachiaria subquadripara K000688072
    Heckman, C.W. [120], Thailand Brachiaria subquadripara K000688063
    Heckman, C.W. [121], Thailand Brachiaria subquadripara K000688064
    Heckman, C.W. [126], Thailand Brachiaria subquadripara K000688065
    Barney, R.W. [1056], Tanzania Brachiaria subquadripara K000496678
    Barney, R.W. [1051], Tanzania Brachiaria subquadripara K000496679
    Laegaard [21699], Thailand Brachiaria subquadripara K000688060
    s.coll. [s.n.], Congo, DRC Brachiaria subquadripara K000496680

    Bibliography

    First published in Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 3: 13 (1966)

    Not accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Brachiaria distachya.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

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    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
    • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
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    • Datta, B.K., Saha, R. Roy, M. & Majumder, K. (2008). Grasses of West Tripura district, Tripura, India Pleione 2: 98-105.
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    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666.
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    • Sheppard, C.R.C. & Seaward, M.R.D. (eds.) (1999). Ecology of the Chagos archipelago: 1-350. Westbury Academic & Scientific Publishing, Otley.
    • Fosberg, F.R. & Stoddard, D.R. (1994). Flora of the Phoenix Islands, Central Pacific Atoll Research Bulletin 393: 1-60.
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    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0