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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Urochloa P.Beauv.
      1. Urochloa kurzii (Hook.f.) T.Q.Nguyen

        This species is accepted, and its native range is China (Yunnan) to Tropical Asia and N. Australia.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual. Culms decumbent; 15-60 cm long; rooting from lower nodes. Leaf-sheaths outer margin hairy. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blade base cordate. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 5-8 cm long; 8-18 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface pilose; sparsely hairy. Leaf-blade margins cartilaginous; crenate. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 3-7; borne along a central axis; unilateral; 5-7.5 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 5-8 cm long. Rhachis wingless; angular; scabrous on margins. Spikelet packing adaxial; distant; irregular. Spikelets solitary, or in pairs. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform; scabrous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; acute; 2.5-3.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; acute; 2.5-3.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; clasping; 0.8-1 mm long; 0.33 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 3-5 -veined. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume ovate; 1.25 mm long; 0.5 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 7 -veined. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male, or barren; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5-7 -veined; acute. Fertile lemma oblong; 2.25 mm long; indurate; without keel. Lemma surface rugose. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex apiculate. Palea involute; indurate; without keels.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: China. Asia-tropical: India, Indo-China, and Malesia. Australasia: Australia.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Fl Assam.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Bangladesh, China South-Central, India, Jawa, Lesser Sunda Is., Maluku, Nepal, Queensland, Thailand, Vietnam, Western Australia

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Urochloa kurzii (Hook.f.) T.Q.Nguyen appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 1, 1965 Backer [27829], Jawa Brachiaria kurzii K000290243 isotype
    Aug 23, 1962 Kerr, A.F.G. [19555], Thailand Brachiaria kurzii K000621019
    Griffith [s.n.], India Brachiaria kurzii K000245463 paralectotype
    Kerr, A.F.G. [1243], Thailand Brachiaria kurzii K000621017
    Kerr, A.F.G. [4465], Thailand Brachiaria kurzii K000621018
    Sorensen, Th. [1217], Thailand Brachiaria kurzii K000688106
    Sorensen, Th. [4987], Thailand Brachiaria kurzii K000688107
    Hooker, J.D. [s.n.], Bihar Brachiaria kurzii K000245307 paralectotype
    Smitinand, T. [1606], Thailand Brachiaria kurzii K000688104
    Wallich [8745], India Brachiaria kurzii K000245462 paralectotype
    Wallich [8745], India Brachiaria kurzii K000245304 paralectotype
    Clarke, C.B. [4724], Bangladesh Brachiaria kurzii K000245305 paralectotype
    Clarke, C.B. [14259], Bangladesh Brachiaria kurzii K000245306 paralectotype
    Lazarides, M. [7454], Thailand Brachiaria kurzii K000688105
    Kurz, S. [s.n.], India Brachiaria kurzii K000245303 lectotype
    s.coll. [s.n.] Brachiaria kurzii K000958904

    Bibliography

    First published in Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 3: 13 (1966)

    Not accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Brachiaria kurzii.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0