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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Urochloa P.Beauv.
      1. Urochloa lata (Schumach.) C.E.Hubb.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to Arabian Peninsula, India.

    [FWTA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

    Habit
    A coarse-leaved annual, usually 30–60 cm. high, but sometimes much higher
    Ecology
    A weed of cultivated land and disturbed soil.
    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; robust; 30-150 cm long; 4-7 -noded; without nodal roots, or rooting from lower nodes. Culm-nodes pubescent. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface, or hirsute; outer margin hairy. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blade base broadly rounded, or cordate. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 6-12 cm long; 8-24 mm wide; membranous. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or hirsute. Leaf-blade margins cartilaginous; scabrous; tuberculate-ciliate; hairy at base.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 5-30; borne along a central axis; closely spaced; unilateral; 2-8 cm long; simple, or secondarily branched. Central inflorescence axis 1-12 cm long. Rhachis wingless; angular; 0.25-0.5 mm wide; scabrous on margins; glabrous on margins. Spikelet packing crowded; irregular. Spikelets in pairs, or clustered at each node. Fertile spikelets sessile and pedicelled; 2-4 in the cluster. Pedicels 0.3-0.8 mm long.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; acute; 2.5-3 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; acute; 2.5-3 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; clasping; 0.33-0.5 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 3-5 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume oblong; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 7 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male, or barren; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; oblong; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; acute. Fertile lemma elliptic; 2.5 mm long; indurate; yellow; without keel. Lemma surface granulose; rugulose. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse; mucronate. Palea involute; indurate.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 1 mm long.
    Distribution
    Africa: west tropical, west-central tropical, and northeast tropical. Asia-temperate: Arabia. Asia-tropical: India.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FTA.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, India, Ivory Coast, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Socotra, Sudan, Togo, Yemen

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Urochloa lata (Schumach.) C.E.Hubb. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Schimper [1088], Ethiopia Brachiaria lata K000282114 isotype
    Schimper [1213], Ethiopia Brachiaria lata K000282112 syntype
    Schimper [2143], Ethiopia Brachiaria lata K000282113
    Barter [1369], Nigeria Brachiaria lata K000282170
    Thonning, Ghana Brachiaria lata K000282168
    Thonning, Ghana Brachiaria lata K000282167
    Jardin, Guinea Brachiaria lata K000282171
    Irvine, F.R. [741], Ghana Brachiaria lata K000282166

    Bibliography

    First published in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1934: 112 (1934)

    Not accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Brachiaria lata.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.
    • Gillet, H. (1968). Le peuplement végétal du massif de l'Ennedi (Tchad) Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Serie B. Botanique 17: 1-206.

    Sources

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0