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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Urochloa P.Beauv.
      1. Urochloa notochthona (Domin) Hughes

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Central & E. Central Australia.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual. Culms decumbent; 12-20 cm long. Lateral branches lacking. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 2-5 cm long; 3-7 mm wide. Leaf-blade margins cartilaginous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 2-5; borne along a central axis; unilateral; 1-3 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 1-2 cm long. Rhachis wingless; angular. Spikelet packing adaxial. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong; 0.5 mm long.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; acute; 4-4.8 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; acute; 4-4.8 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume oblate; 0.5-0.75 mm long; 0.1-0.15 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 7-9 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 7 -veined; acute. Fertile lemma elliptic; 2.2 mm long; indurate; without keel. Lemma surface rugose. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex mucronate, or awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn 0.75-1 mm long overall. Palea involute; indurate; without keels.
    Distribution
    Australasia: Australia.
    Reference
    Paniceae. WDC 1995.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Urochloa notochthona (Domin) Hughes appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 1, 1965 Hourigan, W.J. [s.n.], New South Wales Brachiaria notochthona K000958876 isotype
    Dallachy, J. [s.n.], New South Wales Brachiaria notochthona K000958875 Unknown type material

    Bibliography

    First published in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1923: 319 (1923)

    Not accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Brachiaria notochthona.]

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0