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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Urochloa P.Beauv.
      1. Urochloa ramosa (L.) T.Q.Nguyen

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Africa to Tropical & Subtropical Asia.

    [FZ]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

    Habit
    Loosely tufted annual.
    Culms
    Culms 10–70 cm. high.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of 3–15 racemes, these 1–3 cm. long, simple or the longest with branchlets at the base, bearing mostly paired loosely contiguous spikelets appressed to a triquetrous rhachis; pedicels shorter than spikelets, 1–2 mm. long.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 2.5–3.5 mm. long, glabrous to pubescent, acute, with or without a short stipe up to 0.5 mm. long.
    Glume
    Inferior glume 1/3–1/3 length of spikelet.
    Inferior
    Inferior glume 1/3–1/3 length of spikelet.
    Lemma
    Superior lemma rugose, subacute to acute.
    Superior
    Superior lemma rugose, subacute to acute.
    [FWTA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

    Habit
    Annual 30–60 cm. high.
    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual; caespitose. Culms 10-70 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 2-25 cm long; 4-14 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 3-15; borne along a central axis; unilateral; 1-8 cm long; simple, or with branchlets at base of longer racemes. Central inflorescence axis 3-10 cm long. Rhachis wingless; angular. Spikelet packing adaxial; irregular; 2 -rowed. Spikelets appressed; in pairs. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels linear; 1-2 mm long; 0.5-0.75 length of fertile spikelet.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; acute, or cuspidate; 2.5-3.5 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus brief, or square; 0-0.5 mm long.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; acute, or cuspidate; 2.5-3.5 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus brief, or square; 0-0.5 mm long.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; clasping; 0.33-0.5 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Lower glume apex obtuse, or acute. Upper glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Upper glume surface glabrous, or pubescent. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous, or coriaceous (rarely); 5 -veined; glabrous, or pubescent; acute. Fertile lemma ovate; 2-3 mm long; indurate; dark brown; without keel. Lemma surface rugose. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex acute. Palea involute; indurate; without keels.
    Distribution
    Africa: north, Macaronesia, west tropical, west-central tropical, northeast tropical, east tropical, southern tropical, and western Indian ocean. Asia-temperate: western Asia, Arabia, and China. Asia-tropical: India, Indo-China, and Malesia. Australasia: Australia. North America: southeast USA.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FTEA.
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Loosely tufted annual; culms 10–70 cm. high.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades broadly linear, 2–25 cm. long, 4–14 mm. wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of 3–15 racemes borne on an axis 3–10 cm. long; racemes 1–8 cm. long, simple or the longest with branchlets at the base, bearing mostly paired loosely contiguous spikelets appressed to the triquetrous rhachis; pedicels shorter than the spikelets, 1–2 mm. long.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets elliptic to broadly elliptic, 2.5–3.5 mm. long, glabrous or pubescent, acute to cuspidate, with or without a stipe up to 0.5 mm. long; lower glume 1/3–1/2 the length of the spikelet; upper glume and lower lemma membranous, or rarely the latter coricaceous; upper lemma rugose, subacute to acute.
    Habitat
    Roadsides and old farmland; 0–1200 m.
    Distribution
    K1 T2 T3 T7 Senegal to YemenMalawi, Zimbabwe and South Africa (Transvaal)tropical Asia

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Andaman Is., Bangladesh, Benin, Burkina, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chad, China South-Central, Djibouti, East Himalaya, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf States, Hainan, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Socotra, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tanzania, Thailand, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Yemen, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Arkansas, Christmas I., Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Madagascar, Maryland, Mauritius, Mississippi, North Carolina, Northern Territory, Peru, Queensland, Réunion, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Western Australia

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Urochloa ramosa (L.) T.Q.Nguyen appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Kerr, A.F.G. [19635], Thailand Brachiaria ramosa K000621002
    Kerr, A.F.G. [19664], Thailand Brachiaria ramosa K000621003
    Kerr, A.F.G. [20480], Thailand Brachiaria ramosa K000621004
    Kerr, A.F.G. [20551], Thailand Brachiaria ramosa K000621005
    Kerr, A.F.G. [20551], Thailand Brachiaria ramosa K000621006
    Schweinfurth, G. [1171], Sudan Brachiaria ramosa K000282111 isosyntype
    Smitinand, T. [5787], Thailand Brachiaria ramosa K000688081
    Smitinand, T. [5967], Thailand Brachiaria ramosa K000688082
    Clarke, C.B. [35103], India Brachiaria ramosa K000245291 syntype
    Clarke, C.B. [35103], Darjiling Brachiaria ramosa K000245293 lectotype
    Wight [1622], India Brachiaria ramosa K000245464 isotype
    Wight [1622], India Brachiaria ramosa K000245292 isotype
    Pappi, A. [4006], Eritrea Brachiaria ramosa K000282213 isosyntype
    Leprieur, Senegal Brachiaria ramosa K000282188 kleptotype
    Leprieur, Senegal Brachiaria ramosa K000282187
    Floto, F. [7618], Thailand Brachiaria ramosa K000688083
    Heckman, C.W. [122], Thailand Brachiaria ramosa K000688080
    Clarke, C.B. [36932], Sikkim Brachiaria ramosa K000958908 syntype
    Wight [3226] Brachiaria ramosa K000958909

    Bibliography

    First published in Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 3: 13 (1966)

    Not accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Brachiaria ramosa.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Bosser, J. & Renvoize, S.A. (2018). Flore des Mascareignes 203: 1-276. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
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    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
    • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: i-ii, 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
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    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0