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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Urochloa P.Beauv.
      1. Urochloa reptans (L.) Stapf

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Arabian Peninsula, Afghanistan to Pacific.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 2000 m.; Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

    Habit
    Annual.
    Culms
    Culms 15–60 cm. high, usually decumbent and rooting at nodes.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence ovate, of 5–15 closely spaced racemes, these 1–4 cm. long, bearing paired spikelets crowded on a triquetrous rhachis with hirsute pedicels.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 1.5–2.2 mm. long, glabrous, acute.
    Glume
    Inferior glume short,1/8–1/4 length of spikelet, truncate (rarely a little longer and broadly ovate).
    Inferior
    Inferior glume short,1/8–1/4 length of spikelet, truncate (rarely a little longer and broadly ovate).
    Lemma
    Superior lemma rugose, mucronate.
    Superior
    Superior lemma rugose, mucronate.
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Annual, usually with decumbent stems rooting at the nodes; culms 15–60 cm. high.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades narrowly lanceolate to lanceolate, 2–8 cm. long, 3–15 mm. wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of 5–15 racemes on an axis 1–8 cm. long; racemes 1–4 cm. long, bearing paired spikelets crowded on a triquetrous rhachis with hirsute pedicels.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets narrowly ovate to broadly elliptic, 1.5–2.2 mm. long, glabrous, acute, without a stipe; lower glume 1/8–1/4 the length of the spikelet, hyaline, clasping, truncate (sometimes a little longer and broadly ovate); upper lemma rugose, subacute, mucronulate.
    Habitat
    Roadsides and weedy places; 0–400 m.
    Distribution
    K7 T3 T6 T8 Z tropical Asiaintroduced throughout the tropics
    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual. Culms decumbent; 15-60 cm long; rooting from lower nodes. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 2-8 cm long; 3-15 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 5-15; borne along a central axis; unilateral; 1-4 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 1-8 cm long. Rhachis wingless; angular. Spikelet packing crowded; regular; 2 -rowed. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile and pedicelled. Pedicels ciliate.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic, or oblong; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; acute; 1.5-2.2 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic, or oblong; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; acute; 1.5-2.2 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume orbicular; clasping; 0.15-0.25 length of spikelet; hyaline; without keels; 0 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex truncate. Upper glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 7 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; acute. Fertile lemma elliptic; 1-2 mm long; indurate; without keel. Lemma surface rugose. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex acute; mucronate. Palea involute; indurate; without keels.
    Distribution
    Africa: north, west tropical, west-central tropical, northeast tropical, east tropical, southern tropical, and western Indian ocean. Asia-temperate: western Asia, Arabia, China, and eastern Asia. Asia-tropical: India, Indo-China, Malesia, and Papuasia. Australasia: Australia. Pacific: southwestern, south-central, northwestern, and north-central. North America: south-central USA, southeast USA, and Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana, Caribbean, northern South America, western South America, and Brazil.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FTEA.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Andaman Is., Bangladesh, Cambodia, Caroline Is., China South-Central, China Southeast, Cook Is., Fiji, Gulf States, Hawaii, India, Jawa, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maluku, Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Northern Territory, Pakistan, Philippines, Queensland, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Society Is., Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Thailand, Tonga, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya, Western Australia, Yemen

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Brazil West-Central, Cameroon, Christmas I., Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Egypt, El Salvador, Florida, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Kenya, Leeward Is., Louisiana, Madagascar, Maryland, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Puerto Rico, Rodrigues, Réunion, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Texas, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is.

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Urochloa reptans (L.) Stapf appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Hinton, G.B. [6487], Guerrero K000476060
    Aug 23, 1962 Collins, D.J. [1901], Thailand Brachiaria reptans K000621016
    Jamaica Brachiaria reptans K000309370
    Kerr, A.F.G. [1963], Thailand Brachiaria reptans K000621007
    Kerr, A.F.G. [3776], Thailand Brachiaria reptans K000621008
    Kerr, A.F.G. [3807], Thailand Brachiaria reptans K000621009
    Kerr, A.F.G. [4421], Thailand Brachiaria reptans K000621010
    Kerr, A.F.G. [6991], Thailand Brachiaria reptans K000621011
    Kerr, A.F.G. [15361], Thailand Brachiaria reptans K000621012
    Sorensen, Th. [1197], Thailand Brachiaria reptans K000688090
    Sorensen, Th. [1223], Thailand Brachiaria reptans K000688091
    Sorensen, Th. [1894], Thailand Brachiaria reptans K000688092
    Larsen, K. [8382], Thailand Brachiaria reptans K000688085
    Larsen, K. [8782], Thailand Brachiaria reptans K000688086
    Larsen, K. [9046], Thailand Brachiaria reptans K000688087
    Larsen, K. [10409], Thailand Brachiaria reptans K000688088
    Larsen, K. [10488], Thailand Brachiaria reptans K000688089
    Smitinand, T. [1605], Thailand Brachiaria reptans K000688095
    s.coll. [838], Jamaica Brachiaria reptans K000309369
    Duthie, J.F. [9993], Madhya Pradesh Brachiaria reptans K000245297 Unknown type material
    Put [25], Thailand Brachiaria reptans K000621013
    Put [2161], Thailand Brachiaria reptans K000621014
    Put [2598], Thailand Brachiaria reptans K000621015
    Wallich [8732] Brachiaria reptans K000958905
    Loher, A. [1710], Philippines Brachiaria reptans K000290245
    Cuming, H. [498], Philippines Brachiaria reptans K000290246 isotype
    Koenig [s.n.], India Brachiaria reptans K000958906 Unknown type material
    Sieber [s.n.], Egypt Brachiaria reptans K000244731
    Sieber [s.n.], Egypt Brachiaria reptans K000244733
    Schimper, W. [805], Egypt Brachiaria reptans K000244732
    Vidal, S. [4005], Philippines Brachiaria reptans K000290244
    Heckman, C.W. [101], Thailand Brachiaria reptans K000688093
    Heckman, C.W. [128], Thailand Brachiaria reptans K000688094
    Phloenchit [1396], Thailand Brachiaria reptans K000688096
    Laegaard [21876], Thailand Brachiaria reptans K000688084
    den Hoed [676], Thailand Brachiaria reptans K000688097
    Brown, F.B.H. [717], Marquesas Brachiaria reptans K000958872 syntype
    Cuming, H. [652], Philippines Panicum extensum K000290311
    Cuming, H. [652], Philippines Panicum extensum K000290312
    Cuming, H. [1667], Philippines Panicum extensum K000290313

    Bibliography

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 9: 601 (1920)

    Not accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Brachiaria reptans.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

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    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0