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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Urochloa P.Beauv.
      1. Urochloa villosa (Lam.) T.Q.Nguyen

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cape Verde to Uganda, Tropical & Subtropical Asia.

    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Loosely tufted or creeping annual; culms 10–50 cm. high.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades narrowly lanceolate, 1–7 cm. long, 2–6 mm. wide, the margins cartilaginous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of 5–10 racemes on an axis 3–7 cm. long; racemes 1–4 cm. long, secund, bearing single or paired spikelets (sometimes short side branchlets at base of longer racemes) on a ± pubescent triquetrous rhachis.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets elliptic, 2–2.7 mm. long, glabrous or pubescent, sometimes with a short transverse fringe of hairs near the tip, acute to subacute, without a stipe; lower glume 1/3–1/2 the length of the spikelet, clasping; upper glume separated from the lower by a slight internode; upper lemma granulose to rugulose, acute to mucronulate.
    Habitat
    Weedy places; 1200 m.
    Distribution
    U4 western Africa from Mauritania to ZaireSudantropical Asia
    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual; culms solitary, or caespitose. Culms decumbent; 10-50 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 1-7 cm long; 2-6 mm wide. Leaf-blade margins cartilaginous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 5-10; borne along a central axis; unilateral; 1-4 cm long; simple, or with branchlets at base of longer racemes. Central inflorescence axis 3-7 cm long. Rhachis wingless; angular; pubescent on surface. Spikelet packing adaxial; irregular. Spikelets solitary, or in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; subacute, or acute; 2-2.7 mm long; with hairs extending 0-0.5 mm beyond apex; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated between glumes.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; subacute, or acute; 2-2.7 mm long; with hairs extending 0-0.5 mm beyond apex; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated between glumes.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; clasping; 0.33-0.5 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 3-5 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume oblong; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume surface glabrous, or pubescent; without hair tufts, or with a transverse fringe of hair. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; with palea, or without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; oblong; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; glabrous, or pubescent; without hair tufts, or with a transverse fringe of hair; acute. Fertile lemma elliptic; 1.5-2.5 mm long; indurate; without keel. Lemma surface striate; unwrinkled, or rugulose. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex acute, or apiculate. Palea involute; indurate; without keels.
    Distribution
    Africa: west tropical, west-central tropical, northeast tropical, and east tropical. Asia-temperate: China and eastern Asia. Asia-tropical: India, Indo-China, Malesia, and Papuasia.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FTEA.
    [FWTA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

    Habit
    Slender annual up to about 45 cm. high
    Note
    Sometimes displays a vegetative proliferation of the spikelets
    Ecology
    Disturbed soils.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Assam, Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Congo, Djibouti, East Himalaya, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, India, Ivory Coast, Japan, Jawa, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Guinea, Niger, Nigeria, Philippines, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South China Sea, Sudan, Sumatera, Taiwan, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Zaïre

    Introduced into:

    Maryland

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Urochloa villosa (Lam.) T.Q.Nguyen appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1957 Stainton, J.D.A [1374], Nepal Brachiaria villosa K000245299 holotype
    Milne-Redhead, E. [5105], Ghana Brachiaria villosa K000282161
    Sorensen, Th. [5588], Thailand Brachiaria villosa K000688101
    Smitinand, T. [1903], Thailand Brachiaria villosa K000688103
    Royle [s.n.], India Brachiaria villosa K000245298 isosyntype
    Thonning [395], Ghana Brachiaria villosa K000282163
    la Danso, I. [65], Ghana Brachiaria villosa K000282162
    Laegaard, S. [21636], Thailand Brachiaria villosa K000688098
    Laegaard, S. [21637], Thailand Brachiaria villosa K000688099
    Laegaard, S. [21767], Thailand Brachiaria villosa K000688100
    Murata, G. [T-15874], Thailand Brachiaria villosa K000688102
    Sihronen, J. [247], Burkina Faso Brachiaria villosa K000211949
    Jun 5, 1963 Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [4347], Burkina Faso Brachiaria distichophylla K000211950
    Jun 4, 1963 Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [4317], Burkina Faso Brachiaria distichophylla K000211948

    Bibliography

    First published in Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 3: 14 (1966)

    Not accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Brachiaria villosa.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
    • Sarmah, K.K. & Borthakur, S.K. (2009). A checklist of angiospermic plants of Manas national park in Assam, India Pleione 3: 190-200.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.
    • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1993). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 2(2): 433-968. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1988). Flora du Rwanda 4: I-X, 1-651. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Koyama, T. (1987). Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions: an identification manual: 1-570. Kodansha, Tokyo, Japan.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Henty, E.E. (1969). A manual of the grasses of New Guinea: 1-215. Division of Botany, Dpt. of Forests, LAE, New Guinea.

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0