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This species is accepted, and its native range is Assam to SE. Siberia and Temp. E. Asia.
Zizania latifolia

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial. Stolons present. Culms 100-150 cm long; spongy. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 12-20 mm long. Leaf-blades 30-100 cm long; 20-30 mm wide; coriaceous. Leaf-blade surface scaberulous; rough on both sides. Leaf-blade margins cartilaginous; scabrous. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Monoecious; with male and female spikelets in the same inflorescence. Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; lanceolate; 35-50 cm long. Sexes segregated; on unisexual branches; with male below. Spikelets appressed; solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Male spikelets pedicelled (pendulous). Pedicels 3 mm long; pubescent; tip cupuliform.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 15-17 mm long; falling entire.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes both absent or obscure.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile florets female. Fertile lemma oblong; 15-17 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; 3 -veined. Lemma apex acute; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn 15-50 mm long overall. Palea 1 length of lemma; 2 -veined; without keels.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 2. Anthers 6; 5-8 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; linear; 10-20 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Male spikelets distinct from female; 8-12 mm long. Male spikelet glumes absent. Male spikelet lemma 5 -veined; awned (8-10mm). Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 15-17 mm long; falling entire.
sex Male
Male spikelets distinct from female; 8-12 mm long. Male spikelet glumes absent. Male spikelet lemma 5 -veined; awned (8-10mm).
Distribution
Europe: eastern. Asia-temperate: Siberia, Soviet far east, China, and eastern Asia. Asia-tropical: India, Indo-China, and Malesia. Australasia: New Zealand. Pacific: north-central.
Reference
Oryzeae. Bor.

Native to:

Amur, Assam, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Hainan, Japan, Khabarovsk, Korea, Kuril Is., Manchuria, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Primorye, Taiwan

Introduced into:

Belarus, Borneo, Central European Rus, East European Russia, Hawaii, Jawa, Kazakhstan, Malaya, New Zealand North, North Caucasus, Northwest European R, Transcaucasus, Vietnam

Zizania latifolia (Griseb.) Hance ex F.Muell. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Turczaninow, N.S. [s.n.], Amur K000587411
Turczaninow, N.S. [s.n.], Amur K000587410

First published in Proc. Acclim. Soc. Victoria 1: 419 (1872)

Accepted by

  • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
  • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
  • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Gilliland, H.B. (1971). A revised flora of Malaya 3: 1-319. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Singapore.
  • Grubov, V.I. (2008). Key to the vascular plants of Mongolia (with an atlas) 2: 1-503. Academy of Sciences, Mongolian People's Republic, Ulaan Bator.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Kharkevich, S.S., Probatova, N.S. & Novikov, V.S. (1985). Sosudistye rasteniia sovetskogo Dal’nego Vostoka 1: 1-383. Izd-vo "Nauka," Leningradskoe otd-nie, Leningrad.
  • Koyama, T. (1987). Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions: an identification manual: 1-570. Kodansha, Tokyo, Japan.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
  • Lee, W.T. (1996). Lineamenta Florae Koreae: 1-1688. Soul T'ukpyolsi: Ak'ademi Sojok.
  • Malyschev, L.I. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Siberia 2: 1-362. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Turner, I.M., Middleton, D.J., Duistermaat, H. & Veldkamp, J.F. (2019). Flora of Singapore precursors, 6: Typification of grass names relevant to the flora of Singapore Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 71: 1-44.
  • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Camus, E.G. & Camus, A. in H. Lecomte (1922). Flore Générale de l'indo-Chine 1(3): 193-336.
  • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
  • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Gilliland, H.B. (1971). A revised flora of Malaya 3: 1-319. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Singapore.
  • Grubov, V.I. (2008). Key to the vascular plants of Mongolia (with an atlas) 2: 1-503. Academy of Sciences, Mongolian People's Republic, Ulaan Bator.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Kharkevich, S.S., Probatova, N.S. & Novikov, V.S. (1985). Sosudistye rasteniia sovetskogo Dal’nego Vostoka 1: 1-383. Izd-vo "Nauka," Leningradskoe otd-nie, Leningrad.
  • Koyama, T. (1987). Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions: an identification manual: 1-570. Kodansha, Tokyo, Japan.
  • Lee, W.T. (1996). Lineamenta Florae Koreae: 1-1688. Soul T'ukpyolsi: Ak'ademi Sojok.
  • Malyschev, L.I. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Siberia 2: 1-362. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

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Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
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© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

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